dwm

Dynamic Window Manager by suckless.org (fork)
git clone git://git.ckyln.com/dwm.git
Log | Files | Refs | README | LICENSE

commit fe32d95775abb9d4698ace0cbb5994ff5e1e637d
Author: Cem Keylan <cem@ckyln.com>
Date:   Mon,  2 Sep 2019 23:29:05 +0300

Initial Commit

Diffstat:
A.gitignore | 5+++++
ALICENSE | 37+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
AMakefile | 51+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
AREADME | 48++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Aconfig.def.h | 119+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Aconfig.h | 146+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Aconfig.mk | 38++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Adrw.c | 435+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Adrw.h | 57+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Adwm.1 | 176+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Adwm.c | 2169+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Adwm.png | 0
Atransient.c | 42++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Autil.c | 35+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Autil.h | 8++++++++
15 files changed, 3366 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)

diff --git a/.gitignore b/.gitignore @@ -0,0 +1,5 @@ +*.diff +*.orig +*.rej +*.o +dwm diff --git a/LICENSE b/LICENSE @@ -0,0 +1,37 @@ +MIT/X Consortium License + +© 2006-2019 Anselm R Garbe <anselm@garbe.ca> +© 2006-2009 Jukka Salmi <jukka at salmi dot ch> +© 2006-2007 Sander van Dijk <a dot h dot vandijk at gmail dot com> +© 2007-2011 Peter Hartlich <sgkkr at hartlich dot com> +© 2007-2009 Szabolcs Nagy <nszabolcs at gmail dot com> +© 2007-2009 Christof Musik <christof at sendfax dot de> +© 2007-2009 Premysl Hruby <dfenze at gmail dot com> +© 2007-2008 Enno Gottox Boland <gottox at s01 dot de> +© 2008 Martin Hurton <martin dot hurton at gmail dot com> +© 2008 Neale Pickett <neale dot woozle dot org> +© 2009 Mate Nagy <mnagy at port70 dot net> +© 2010-2016 Hiltjo Posthuma <hiltjo@codemadness.org> +© 2010-2012 Connor Lane Smith <cls@lubutu.com> +© 2011 Christoph Lohmann <20h@r-36.net> +© 2015-2016 Quentin Rameau <quinq@fifth.space> +© 2015-2016 Eric Pruitt <eric.pruitt@gmail.com> +© 2016-2017 Markus Teich <markus.teich@stusta.mhn.de> + +Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a +copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), +to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation +the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, +and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the +Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions: + +The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in +all copies or substantial portions of the Software. + +THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR +IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, +FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL +THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER +LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING +FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER +DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE. diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile @@ -0,0 +1,51 @@ +# dwm - dynamic window manager +# See LICENSE file for copyright and license details. + +include config.mk + +SRC = drw.c dwm.c util.c +OBJ = ${SRC:.c=.o} + +all: options dwm + +options: + @echo dwm build options: + @echo "CFLAGS = ${CFLAGS}" + @echo "LDFLAGS = ${LDFLAGS}" + @echo "CC = ${CC}" + +.c.o: + ${CC} -c ${CFLAGS} $< + +${OBJ}: config.h config.mk + +config.h: + cp config.def.h $@ + +dwm: ${OBJ} + ${CC} -o $@ ${OBJ} ${LDFLAGS} + +clean: + rm -f dwm ${OBJ} dwm-${VERSION}.tar.gz + +dist: clean + mkdir -p dwm-${VERSION} + cp -R LICENSE Makefile README config.def.h config.mk\ + dwm.1 drw.h util.h ${SRC} dwm.png transient.c dwm-${VERSION} + tar -cf dwm-${VERSION}.tar dwm-${VERSION} + gzip dwm-${VERSION}.tar + rm -rf dwm-${VERSION} + +install: all + mkdir -p ${DESTDIR}${PREFIX}/bin + cp -f dwm ${DESTDIR}${PREFIX}/bin + chmod 755 ${DESTDIR}${PREFIX}/bin/dwm + mkdir -p ${DESTDIR}${MANPREFIX}/man1 + sed "s/VERSION/${VERSION}/g" < dwm.1 > ${DESTDIR}${MANPREFIX}/man1/dwm.1 + chmod 644 ${DESTDIR}${MANPREFIX}/man1/dwm.1 + +uninstall: + rm -f ${DESTDIR}${PREFIX}/bin/dwm\ + ${DESTDIR}${MANPREFIX}/man1/dwm.1 + +.PHONY: all options clean dist install uninstall diff --git a/README b/README @@ -0,0 +1,48 @@ +dwm - dynamic window manager +============================ +dwm is an extremely fast, small, and dynamic window manager for X. + + +Requirements +------------ +In order to build dwm you need the Xlib header files. + + +Installation +------------ +Edit config.mk to match your local setup (dwm is installed into +the /usr/local namespace by default). + +Afterwards enter the following command to build and install dwm (if +necessary as root): + + make clean install + + +Running dwm +----------- +Add the following line to your .xinitrc to start dwm using startx: + + exec dwm + +In order to connect dwm to a specific display, make sure that +the DISPLAY environment variable is set correctly, e.g.: + + DISPLAY=foo.bar:1 exec dwm + +(This will start dwm on display :1 of the host foo.bar.) + +In order to display status info in the bar, you can do something +like this in your .xinitrc: + + while xsetroot -name "`date` `uptime | sed 's/.*,//'`" + do + sleep 1 + done & + exec dwm + + +Configuration +------------- +The configuration of dwm is done by creating a custom config.h +and (re)compiling the source code. diff --git a/config.def.h b/config.def.h @@ -0,0 +1,119 @@ +/* See LICENSE file for copyright and license details. */ + +/* appearance */ +static const unsigned int borderpx = 1; /* border pixel of windows */ +static const unsigned int gappx = 5; /* gaps between windows */ +static const unsigned int snap = 32; /* snap pixel */ +static const int showbar = 1; /* 0 means no bar */ +static const int topbar = 1; /* 0 means bottom bar */ +static const char *fonts[] = { "monospace:size=10" }; +static const char dmenufont[] = "monospace:size=10"; +static const char col_gray1[] = "#222222"; +static const char col_gray2[] = "#444444"; +static const char col_gray3[] = "#bbbbbb"; +static const char col_gray4[] = "#eeeeee"; +static const char col_cyan[] = "#005577"; +static const char *colors[][3] = { + /* fg bg border */ + [SchemeNorm] = { col_gray3, col_gray1, col_gray2 }, + [SchemeSel] = { col_gray4, col_cyan, col_cyan }, +}; + +/* tagging */ +static const char *tags[] = { "1", "2", "3", "4", "5", "6", "7", "8", "9" }; + +static const Rule rules[] = { + /* xprop(1): + * WM_CLASS(STRING) = instance, class + * WM_NAME(STRING) = title + */ + /* class instance title tags mask isfloating monitor */ + { "Gimp", NULL, NULL, 0, 1, -1 }, + { "Firefox", NULL, NULL, 1 << 8, 0, -1 }, +}; + +/* layout(s) */ +static const float mfact = 0.55; /* factor of master area size [0.05..0.95] */ +static const int nmaster = 1; /* number of clients in master area */ +static const int resizehints = 1; /* 1 means respect size hints in tiled resizals */ + +static const Layout layouts[] = { + /* symbol arrange function */ + { "[]=", tile }, /* first entry is default */ + { "><>", NULL }, /* no layout function means floating behavior */ + { "[M]", monocle }, +}; + +/* key definitions */ +#define MODKEY Mod1Mask +#define TAGKEYS(KEY,TAG) \ + { MODKEY, KEY, view, {.ui = 1 << TAG} }, \ + { MODKEY|ControlMask, KEY, toggleview, {.ui = 1 << TAG} }, \ + { MODKEY|ShiftMask, KEY, tag, {.ui = 1 << TAG} }, \ + { MODKEY|ControlMask|ShiftMask, KEY, toggletag, {.ui = 1 << TAG} }, + +/* helper for spawning shell commands in the pre dwm-5.0 fashion */ +#define SHCMD(cmd) { .v = (const char*[]){ "/bin/sh", "-c", cmd, NULL } } + +/* commands */ +static char dmenumon[2] = "0"; /* component of dmenucmd, manipulated in spawn() */ +static const char *dmenucmd[] = { "dmenu_run", "-m", dmenumon, "-fn", dmenufont, "-nb", col_gray1, "-nf", col_gray3, "-sb", col_cyan, "-sf", col_gray4, NULL }; +static const char *termcmd[] = { "st", NULL }; + +static Key keys[] = { + /* modifier key function argument */ + { MODKEY, XK_p, spawn, {.v = dmenucmd } }, + { MODKEY|ShiftMask, XK_Return, spawn, {.v = termcmd } }, + { MODKEY, XK_b, togglebar, {0} }, + { MODKEY, XK_j, focusstack, {.i = +1 } }, + { MODKEY, XK_k, focusstack, {.i = -1 } }, + { MODKEY, XK_i, incnmaster, {.i = +1 } }, + { MODKEY, XK_d, incnmaster, {.i = -1 } }, + { MODKEY, XK_h, setmfact, {.f = -0.05} }, + { MODKEY, XK_l, setmfact, {.f = +0.05} }, + { MODKEY, XK_Return, zoom, {0} }, + { MODKEY, XK_Tab, view, {0} }, + { MODKEY|ShiftMask, XK_c, killclient, {0} }, + { MODKEY, XK_t, setlayout, {.v = &layouts[0]} }, + { MODKEY, XK_f, setlayout, {.v = &layouts[1]} }, + { MODKEY, XK_m, setlayout, {.v = &layouts[2]} }, + { MODKEY, XK_space, setlayout, {0} }, + { MODKEY|ShiftMask, XK_space, togglefloating, {0} }, + { MODKEY, XK_0, view, {.ui = ~0 } }, + { MODKEY|ShiftMask, XK_0, tag, {.ui = ~0 } }, + { MODKEY, XK_comma, focusmon, {.i = -1 } }, + { MODKEY, XK_period, focusmon, {.i = +1 } }, + { MODKEY|ShiftMask, XK_comma, tagmon, {.i = -1 } }, + { MODKEY|ShiftMask, XK_period, tagmon, {.i = +1 } }, + { MODKEY, XK_minus, setgaps, {.i = -1 } }, + { MODKEY, XK_equal, setgaps, {.i = +1 } }, + { MODKEY|ShiftMask, XK_equal, setgaps, {.i = 0 } }, + TAGKEYS( XK_1, 0) + TAGKEYS( XK_2, 1) + TAGKEYS( XK_3, 2) + TAGKEYS( XK_4, 3) + TAGKEYS( XK_5, 4) + TAGKEYS( XK_6, 5) + TAGKEYS( XK_7, 6) + TAGKEYS( XK_8, 7) + TAGKEYS( XK_9, 8) + { MODKEY|ShiftMask, XK_q, quit, {0} }, +}; + +/* button definitions */ +/* click can be ClkTagBar, ClkLtSymbol, ClkStatusText, ClkWinTitle, ClkClientWin, or ClkRootWin */ +static Button buttons[] = { + /* click event mask button function argument */ + { ClkLtSymbol, 0, Button1, setlayout, {0} }, + { ClkLtSymbol, 0, Button3, setlayout, {.v = &layouts[2]} }, + { ClkWinTitle, 0, Button2, zoom, {0} }, + { ClkStatusText, 0, Button2, spawn, {.v = termcmd } }, + { ClkClientWin, MODKEY, Button1, movemouse, {0} }, + { ClkClientWin, MODKEY, Button2, togglefloating, {0} }, + { ClkClientWin, MODKEY, Button3, resizemouse, {0} }, + { ClkTagBar, 0, Button1, view, {0} }, + { ClkTagBar, 0, Button3, toggleview, {0} }, + { ClkTagBar, MODKEY, Button1, tag, {0} }, + { ClkTagBar, MODKEY, Button3, toggletag, {0} }, +}; + diff --git a/config.h b/config.h @@ -0,0 +1,146 @@ +/* See LICENSE file for copyright and license details. */ + +/* appearance */ +static const unsigned int borderpx = 1; /* border pixel of windows */ +static const unsigned int gappx = 10; /* gaps between windows */ +static const unsigned int snap = 32; /* snap pixel */ +static const int showbar = 1; /* 0 means no bar */ +static const int topbar = 1; /* 0 means bottom bar */ +static const char *fonts[] = { "monospace:size=10" }; +static const char dmenufont[] = "monospace:size=10"; +static const char col_gray1[] = "#222222"; +static const char col_gray2[] = "#444444"; +static const char col_gray3[] = "#bbbbbb"; +static const char col_gray4[] = "#eeeeee"; +static const char col_cyan[] = "#005577"; +static const char *colors[][3] = { + /* fg bg border */ + [SchemeNorm] = { col_gray3, col_gray1, col_gray2 }, + [SchemeSel] = { col_gray4, col_cyan, col_cyan }, +}; + +/* tagging */ +static const char *tags[] = { "1", "2", "3", "4", "5", "6", "7", "8", "9" }; + +static const Rule rules[] = { + /* xprop(1): + * WM_CLASS(STRING) = instance, class + * WM_NAME(STRING) = title + */ + /* class instance title tags mask isfloating monitor */ + { "Gimp", NULL, NULL, 0, 1, -1 }, + { "Firefox", NULL, NULL, 1 << 8, 0, -1 }, + { "polybar-top_eDP1", NULL, NULL, 0, 1, -1}, +}; + +/* layout(s) */ +static const float mfact = 0.55; /* factor of master area size [0.05..0.95] */ +static const int nmaster = 1; /* number of clients in master area */ +static const int resizehints = 1; /* 1 means respect size hints in tiled resizals */ + +static const Layout layouts[] = { + /* symbol arrange function */ + { "[]=", tile }, /* first entry is default */ + { "><>", NULL }, /* no layout function means floating behavior */ + { "[M]", monocle }, +}; + + +/* key definitions */ +#define MODKEY Mod1Mask +#define WINKEY Mod4Mask +#define BrightnessDown 0x1008ff03 +#define BrightnessUp 0x1008ff02 +#define TAGKEYS(KEY,TAG) \ + { MODKEY, KEY, view, {.ui = 1 << TAG} }, \ + { MODKEY|ControlMask, KEY, toggleview, {.ui = 1 << TAG} }, \ + { MODKEY|ShiftMask, KEY, tag, {.ui = 1 << TAG} }, \ + { MODKEY|ControlMask|ShiftMask, KEY, toggletag, {.ui = 1 << TAG} }, + +/* helper for spawning shell commands in the pre dwm-5.0 fashion */ +#define SHCMD(cmd) { .v = (const char*[]){ "/bin/sh", "-c", cmd, NULL } } + +/* commands */ +static char dmenumon[2] = "0"; /* component of dmenucmd, manipulated in spawn() */ +static const char *dmenucmd[] = { "dmenu_run", "-m", dmenumon, "-fn", dmenufont, "-nb", col_gray1, "-nf", col_gray3, "-sb", col_cyan, "-sf", col_gray4, NULL }; +static const char *termcmd[] = { "st", NULL }; +static const char *browcmd[] = { "qutebrowser", NULL }; +static const char *surfcmd[] = { "surf", NULL }; +static const char *rofiapp[] = { "rofi", "-show", "drun", NULL }; +static const char *nighttog[] = { "nightmodetoggle", "click", NULL }; +static const char *nightdis[] = { "nightmodetoggle", "disable", NULL }; +static const char *shutdown[] = { "yousure", NULL }; +static const char *reboot[] = { "yousurereb", NULL }; +static const char *suspend[] = { "systemctl", "suspend", NULL }; +static const char *brup[] = { "xbacklight", "-inc", "10", NULL }; +static const char *brdown[] = { "xbacklight", "-dec", "10", NULL }; +static const char *music[] = { "st", "-e", "zsh", "-c", "'.", "$HOME/.zshrc", "&&", "neomutt'", NULL }; +/*static const char *music[] = { "st", "zsh", "-c", "neomutt", NULL };*/ + +static Key keys[] = { + /* modifier key function argument */ + { MODKEY, XK_u, spawn, {.v = dmenucmd } }, + { WINKEY, XK_e, spawn, {.v = nighttog } }, + { WINKEY|ShiftMask, XK_e, spawn, {.v = nightdis } }, + { WINKEY|ShiftMask, XK_n, spawn, {.v = shutdown } }, + { WINKEY|ShiftMask, XK_r, spawn, {.v = reboot } }, + { WINKEY|ShiftMask, XK_s, spawn, {.v = suspend } }, + { WINKEY, XK_m, spawn, {.v = music } }, + { MODKEY, XK_Return, spawn, {.v = termcmd } }, + { MODKEY, XK_o, spawn, {.v = browcmd } }, + { MODKEY, XK_p, spawn, {.v = surfcmd } }, + { MODKEY, XK_d, spawn, {.v = rofiapp } }, + { MODKEY, XK_b, togglebar, {0} }, + { MODKEY, XK_j, focusstack, {.i = +1 } }, + { MODKEY, XK_k, focusstack, {.i = -1 } }, + { MODKEY, XK_i, incnmaster, {.i = +1 } }, + { MODKEY, XK_h, setmfact, {.f = -0.05} }, + { MODKEY, XK_l, setmfact, {.f = +0.05} }, + { MODKEY, XK_Return, zoom, {0} }, + { MODKEY, XK_Tab, view, {0} }, + { MODKEY|ShiftMask, XK_q, killclient, {0} }, + { MODKEY, XK_t, setlayout, {.v = &layouts[0]} }, + { MODKEY, XK_f, setlayout, {.v = &layouts[1]} }, + { MODKEY, XK_m, setlayout, {.v = &layouts[2]} }, + { MODKEY, XK_space, setlayout, {0} }, + { MODKEY|ShiftMask, XK_space, togglefloating, {0} }, + { MODKEY, XK_0, view, {.ui = ~0 } }, + { MODKEY|ShiftMask, XK_0, tag, {.ui = ~0 } }, + { MODKEY, XK_comma, focusmon, {.i = -1 } }, + { MODKEY, XK_period, focusmon, {.i = +1 } }, + { MODKEY|ShiftMask, XK_comma, tagmon, {.i = -1 } }, + { MODKEY|ShiftMask, XK_period, tagmon, {.i = +1 } }, + { WINKEY, XK_j, setgaps, {.i = +1 } }, + { WINKEY, XK_k, setgaps, {.i = -1 } }, + { WINKEY, XK_h, setgaps, {.i = 0 } }, + { 0, BrightnessUp, spawn, {.v = brup } }, + { 0, BrightnessDown, spawn, {.v = brdown } }, + TAGKEYS( XK_1, 0) + TAGKEYS( XK_2, 1) + TAGKEYS( XK_3, 2) + TAGKEYS( XK_4, 3) + TAGKEYS( XK_5, 4) + TAGKEYS( XK_6, 5) + TAGKEYS( XK_7, 6) + TAGKEYS( XK_8, 7) + TAGKEYS( XK_9, 8) + { MODKEY|ShiftMask, XK_e, quit, {0} }, +}; + +/* button definitions */ +/* click can be ClkTagBar, ClkLtSymbol, ClkStatusText, ClkWinTitle, ClkClientWin, or ClkRootWin */ +static Button buttons[] = { + /* click event mask button function argument */ + { ClkLtSymbol, 0, Button1, setlayout, {0} }, + { ClkLtSymbol, 0, Button3, setlayout, {.v = &layouts[2]} }, + { ClkWinTitle, 0, Button2, zoom, {0} }, + { ClkStatusText, 0, Button2, spawn, {.v = termcmd } }, + { ClkClientWin, MODKEY, Button1, movemouse, {0} }, + { ClkClientWin, MODKEY, Button2, togglefloating, {0} }, + { ClkClientWin, MODKEY, Button3, resizemouse, {0} }, + { ClkTagBar, 0, Button1, view, {0} }, + { ClkTagBar, 0, Button3, toggleview, {0} }, + { ClkTagBar, MODKEY, Button1, tag, {0} }, + { ClkTagBar, MODKEY, Button3, toggletag, {0} }, +}; + diff --git a/config.mk b/config.mk @@ -0,0 +1,38 @@ +# dwm version +VERSION = 6.2 + +# Customize below to fit your system + +# paths +PREFIX = /usr/local +MANPREFIX = ${PREFIX}/share/man + +X11INC = /usr/X11R6/include +X11LIB = /usr/X11R6/lib + +# Xinerama, comment if you don't want it +XINERAMALIBS = -lXinerama +XINERAMAFLAGS = -DXINERAMA + +# freetype +FREETYPELIBS = -lfontconfig -lXft +FREETYPEINC = /usr/include/freetype2 +# OpenBSD (uncomment) +#FREETYPEINC = ${X11INC}/freetype2 + +# includes and libs +INCS = -I${X11INC} -I${FREETYPEINC} +LIBS = -L${X11LIB} -lX11 ${XINERAMALIBS} ${FREETYPELIBS} + +# flags +CPPFLAGS = -D_DEFAULT_SOURCE -D_BSD_SOURCE -D_POSIX_C_SOURCE=2 -DVERSION=\"${VERSION}\" ${XINERAMAFLAGS} +#CFLAGS = -g -std=c99 -pedantic -Wall -O0 ${INCS} ${CPPFLAGS} +CFLAGS = -std=c99 -pedantic -Wall -Wno-deprecated-declarations -Os ${INCS} ${CPPFLAGS} +LDFLAGS = ${LIBS} + +# Solaris +#CFLAGS = -fast ${INCS} -DVERSION=\"${VERSION}\" +#LDFLAGS = ${LIBS} + +# compiler and linker +CC = cc diff --git a/drw.c b/drw.c @@ -0,0 +1,435 @@ +/* See LICENSE file for copyright and license details. */ +#include <stdio.h> +#include <stdlib.h> +#include <string.h> +#include <X11/Xlib.h> +#include <X11/Xft/Xft.h> + +#include "drw.h" +#include "util.h" + +#define UTF_INVALID 0xFFFD +#define UTF_SIZ 4 + +static const unsigned char utfbyte[UTF_SIZ + 1] = {0x80, 0, 0xC0, 0xE0, 0xF0}; +static const unsigned char utfmask[UTF_SIZ + 1] = {0xC0, 0x80, 0xE0, 0xF0, 0xF8}; +static const long utfmin[UTF_SIZ + 1] = { 0, 0, 0x80, 0x800, 0x10000}; +static const long utfmax[UTF_SIZ + 1] = {0x10FFFF, 0x7F, 0x7FF, 0xFFFF, 0x10FFFF}; + +static long +utf8decodebyte(const char c, size_t *i) +{ + for (*i = 0; *i < (UTF_SIZ + 1); ++(*i)) + if (((unsigned char)c & utfmask[*i]) == utfbyte[*i]) + return (unsigned char)c & ~utfmask[*i]; + return 0; +} + +static size_t +utf8validate(long *u, size_t i) +{ + if (!BETWEEN(*u, utfmin[i], utfmax[i]) || BETWEEN(*u, 0xD800, 0xDFFF)) + *u = UTF_INVALID; + for (i = 1; *u > utfmax[i]; ++i) + ; + return i; +} + +static size_t +utf8decode(const char *c, long *u, size_t clen) +{ + size_t i, j, len, type; + long udecoded; + + *u = UTF_INVALID; + if (!clen) + return 0; + udecoded = utf8decodebyte(c[0], &len); + if (!BETWEEN(len, 1, UTF_SIZ)) + return 1; + for (i = 1, j = 1; i < clen && j < len; ++i, ++j) { + udecoded = (udecoded << 6) | utf8decodebyte(c[i], &type); + if (type) + return j; + } + if (j < len) + return 0; + *u = udecoded; + utf8validate(u, len); + + return len; +} + +Drw * +drw_create(Display *dpy, int screen, Window root, unsigned int w, unsigned int h) +{ + Drw *drw = ecalloc(1, sizeof(Drw)); + + drw->dpy = dpy; + drw->screen = screen; + drw->root = root; + drw->w = w; + drw->h = h; + drw->drawable = XCreatePixmap(dpy, root, w, h, DefaultDepth(dpy, screen)); + drw->gc = XCreateGC(dpy, root, 0, NULL); + XSetLineAttributes(dpy, drw->gc, 1, LineSolid, CapButt, JoinMiter); + + return drw; +} + +void +drw_resize(Drw *drw, unsigned int w, unsigned int h) +{ + if (!drw) + return; + + drw->w = w; + drw->h = h; + if (drw->drawable) + XFreePixmap(drw->dpy, drw->drawable); + drw->drawable = XCreatePixmap(drw->dpy, drw->root, w, h, DefaultDepth(drw->dpy, drw->screen)); +} + +void +drw_free(Drw *drw) +{ + XFreePixmap(drw->dpy, drw->drawable); + XFreeGC(drw->dpy, drw->gc); + free(drw); +} + +/* This function is an implementation detail. Library users should use + * drw_fontset_create instead. + */ +static Fnt * +xfont_create(Drw *drw, const char *fontname, FcPattern *fontpattern) +{ + Fnt *font; + XftFont *xfont = NULL; + FcPattern *pattern = NULL; + + if (fontname) { + /* Using the pattern found at font->xfont->pattern does not yield the + * same substitution results as using the pattern returned by + * FcNameParse; using the latter results in the desired fallback + * behaviour whereas the former just results in missing-character + * rectangles being drawn, at least with some fonts. */ + if (!(xfont = XftFontOpenName(drw->dpy, drw->screen, fontname))) { + fprintf(stderr, "error, cannot load font from name: '%s'\n", fontname); + return NULL; + } + if (!(pattern = FcNameParse((FcChar8 *) fontname))) { + fprintf(stderr, "error, cannot parse font name to pattern: '%s'\n", fontname); + XftFontClose(drw->dpy, xfont); + return NULL; + } + } else if (fontpattern) { + if (!(xfont = XftFontOpenPattern(drw->dpy, fontpattern))) { + fprintf(stderr, "error, cannot load font from pattern.\n"); + return NULL; + } + } else { + die("no font specified."); + } + + /* Do not allow using color fonts. This is a workaround for a BadLength + * error from Xft with color glyphs. Modelled on the Xterm workaround. See + * https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=1498269 + * https://lists.suckless.org/dev/1701/30932.html + * https://bugs.debian.org/cgi-bin/bugreport.cgi?bug=916349 + * and lots more all over the internet. + */ + FcBool iscol; + if(FcPatternGetBool(xfont->pattern, FC_COLOR, 0, &iscol) == FcResultMatch && iscol) { + XftFontClose(drw->dpy, xfont); + return NULL; + } + + font = ecalloc(1, sizeof(Fnt)); + font->xfont = xfont; + font->pattern = pattern; + font->h = xfont->ascent + xfont->descent; + font->dpy = drw->dpy; + + return font; +} + +static void +xfont_free(Fnt *font) +{ + if (!font) + return; + if (font->pattern) + FcPatternDestroy(font->pattern); + XftFontClose(font->dpy, font->xfont); + free(font); +} + +Fnt* +drw_fontset_create(Drw* drw, const char *fonts[], size_t fontcount) +{ + Fnt *cur, *ret = NULL; + size_t i; + + if (!drw || !fonts) + return NULL; + + for (i = 1; i <= fontcount; i++) { + if ((cur = xfont_create(drw, fonts[fontcount - i], NULL))) { + cur->next = ret; + ret = cur; + } + } + return (drw->fonts = ret); +} + +void +drw_fontset_free(Fnt *font) +{ + if (font) { + drw_fontset_free(font->next); + xfont_free(font); + } +} + +void +drw_clr_create(Drw *drw, Clr *dest, const char *clrname) +{ + if (!drw || !dest || !clrname) + return; + + if (!XftColorAllocName(drw->dpy, DefaultVisual(drw->dpy, drw->screen), + DefaultColormap(drw->dpy, drw->screen), + clrname, dest)) + die("error, cannot allocate color '%s'", clrname); +} + +/* Wrapper to create color schemes. The caller has to call free(3) on the + * returned color scheme when done using it. */ +Clr * +drw_scm_create(Drw *drw, const char *clrnames[], size_t clrcount) +{ + size_t i; + Clr *ret; + + /* need at least two colors for a scheme */ + if (!drw || !clrnames || clrcount < 2 || !(ret = ecalloc(clrcount, sizeof(XftColor)))) + return NULL; + + for (i = 0; i < clrcount; i++) + drw_clr_create(drw, &ret[i], clrnames[i]); + return ret; +} + +void +drw_setfontset(Drw *drw, Fnt *set) +{ + if (drw) + drw->fonts = set; +} + +void +drw_setscheme(Drw *drw, Clr *scm) +{ + if (drw) + drw->scheme = scm; +} + +void +drw_rect(Drw *drw, int x, int y, unsigned int w, unsigned int h, int filled, int invert) +{ + if (!drw || !drw->scheme) + return; + XSetForeground(drw->dpy, drw->gc, invert ? drw->scheme[ColBg].pixel : drw->scheme[ColFg].pixel); + if (filled) + XFillRectangle(drw->dpy, drw->drawable, drw->gc, x, y, w, h); + else + XDrawRectangle(drw->dpy, drw->drawable, drw->gc, x, y, w - 1, h - 1); +} + +int +drw_text(Drw *drw, int x, int y, unsigned int w, unsigned int h, unsigned int lpad, const char *text, int invert) +{ + char buf[1024]; + int ty; + unsigned int ew; + XftDraw *d = NULL; + Fnt *usedfont, *curfont, *nextfont; + size_t i, len; + int utf8strlen, utf8charlen, render = x || y || w || h; + long utf8codepoint = 0; + const char *utf8str; + FcCharSet *fccharset; + FcPattern *fcpattern; + FcPattern *match; + XftResult result; + int charexists = 0; + + if (!drw || (render && !drw->scheme) || !text || !drw->fonts) + return 0; + + if (!render) { + w = ~w; + } else { + XSetForeground(drw->dpy, drw->gc, drw->scheme[invert ? ColFg : ColBg].pixel); + XFillRectangle(drw->dpy, drw->drawable, drw->gc, x, y, w, h); + d = XftDrawCreate(drw->dpy, drw->drawable, + DefaultVisual(drw->dpy, drw->screen), + DefaultColormap(drw->dpy, drw->screen)); + x += lpad; + w -= lpad; + } + + usedfont = drw->fonts; + while (1) { + utf8strlen = 0; + utf8str = text; + nextfont = NULL; + while (*text) { + utf8charlen = utf8decode(text, &utf8codepoint, UTF_SIZ); + for (curfont = drw->fonts; curfont; curfont = curfont->next) { + charexists = charexists || XftCharExists(drw->dpy, curfont->xfont, utf8codepoint); + if (charexists) { + if (curfont == usedfont) { + utf8strlen += utf8charlen; + text += utf8charlen; + } else { + nextfont = curfont; + } + break; + } + } + + if (!charexists || nextfont) + break; + else + charexists = 0; + } + + if (utf8strlen) { + drw_font_getexts(usedfont, utf8str, utf8strlen, &ew, NULL); + /* shorten text if necessary */ + for (len = MIN(utf8strlen, sizeof(buf) - 1); len && ew > w; len--) + drw_font_getexts(usedfont, utf8str, len, &ew, NULL); + + if (len) { + memcpy(buf, utf8str, len); + buf[len] = '\0'; + if (len < utf8strlen) + for (i = len; i && i > len - 3; buf[--i] = '.') + ; /* NOP */ + + if (render) { + ty = y + (h - usedfont->h) / 2 + usedfont->xfont->ascent; + XftDrawStringUtf8(d, &drw->scheme[invert ? ColBg : ColFg], + usedfont->xfont, x, ty, (XftChar8 *)buf, len); + } + x += ew; + w -= ew; + } + } + + if (!*text) { + break; + } else if (nextfont) { + charexists = 0; + usedfont = nextfont; + } else { + /* Regardless of whether or not a fallback font is found, the + * character must be drawn. */ + charexists = 1; + + fccharset = FcCharSetCreate(); + FcCharSetAddChar(fccharset, utf8codepoint); + + if (!drw->fonts->pattern) { + /* Refer to the comment in xfont_create for more information. */ + die("the first font in the cache must be loaded from a font string."); + } + + fcpattern = FcPatternDuplicate(drw->fonts->pattern); + FcPatternAddCharSet(fcpattern, FC_CHARSET, fccharset); + FcPatternAddBool(fcpattern, FC_SCALABLE, FcTrue); + FcPatternAddBool(fcpattern, FC_COLOR, FcFalse); + + FcConfigSubstitute(NULL, fcpattern, FcMatchPattern); + FcDefaultSubstitute(fcpattern); + match = XftFontMatch(drw->dpy, drw->screen, fcpattern, &result); + + FcCharSetDestroy(fccharset); + FcPatternDestroy(fcpattern); + + if (match) { + usedfont = xfont_create(drw, NULL, match); + if (usedfont && XftCharExists(drw->dpy, usedfont->xfont, utf8codepoint)) { + for (curfont = drw->fonts; curfont->next; curfont = curfont->next) + ; /* NOP */ + curfont->next = usedfont; + } else { + xfont_free(usedfont); + usedfont = drw->fonts; + } + } + } + } + if (d) + XftDrawDestroy(d); + + return x + (render ? w : 0); +} + +void +drw_map(Drw *drw, Window win, int x, int y, unsigned int w, unsigned int h) +{ + if (!drw) + return; + + XCopyArea(drw->dpy, drw->drawable, win, drw->gc, x, y, w, h, x, y); + XSync(drw->dpy, False); +} + +unsigned int +drw_fontset_getwidth(Drw *drw, const char *text) +{ + if (!drw || !drw->fonts || !text) + return 0; + return drw_text(drw, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, text, 0); +} + +void +drw_font_getexts(Fnt *font, const char *text, unsigned int len, unsigned int *w, unsigned int *h) +{ + XGlyphInfo ext; + + if (!font || !text) + return; + + XftTextExtentsUtf8(font->dpy, font->xfont, (XftChar8 *)text, len, &ext); + if (w) + *w = ext.xOff; + if (h) + *h = font->h; +} + +Cur * +drw_cur_create(Drw *drw, int shape) +{ + Cur *cur; + + if (!drw || !(cur = ecalloc(1, sizeof(Cur)))) + return NULL; + + cur->cursor = XCreateFontCursor(drw->dpy, shape); + + return cur; +} + +void +drw_cur_free(Drw *drw, Cur *cursor) +{ + if (!cursor) + return; + + XFreeCursor(drw->dpy, cursor->cursor); + free(cursor); +} diff --git a/drw.h b/drw.h @@ -0,0 +1,57 @@ +/* See LICENSE file for copyright and license details. */ + +typedef struct { + Cursor cursor; +} Cur; + +typedef struct Fnt { + Display *dpy; + unsigned int h; + XftFont *xfont; + FcPattern *pattern; + struct Fnt *next; +} Fnt; + +enum { ColFg, ColBg, ColBorder }; /* Clr scheme index */ +typedef XftColor Clr; + +typedef struct { + unsigned int w, h; + Display *dpy; + int screen; + Window root; + Drawable drawable; + GC gc; + Clr *scheme; + Fnt *fonts; +} Drw; + +/* Drawable abstraction */ +Drw *drw_create(Display *dpy, int screen, Window win, unsigned int w, unsigned int h); +void drw_resize(Drw *drw, unsigned int w, unsigned int h); +void drw_free(Drw *drw); + +/* Fnt abstraction */ +Fnt *drw_fontset_create(Drw* drw, const char *fonts[], size_t fontcount); +void drw_fontset_free(Fnt* set); +unsigned int drw_fontset_getwidth(Drw *drw, const char *text); +void drw_font_getexts(Fnt *font, const char *text, unsigned int len, unsigned int *w, unsigned int *h); + +/* Colorscheme abstraction */ +void drw_clr_create(Drw *drw, Clr *dest, const char *clrname); +Clr *drw_scm_create(Drw *drw, const char *clrnames[], size_t clrcount); + +/* Cursor abstraction */ +Cur *drw_cur_create(Drw *drw, int shape); +void drw_cur_free(Drw *drw, Cur *cursor); + +/* Drawing context manipulation */ +void drw_setfontset(Drw *drw, Fnt *set); +void drw_setscheme(Drw *drw, Clr *scm); + +/* Drawing functions */ +void drw_rect(Drw *drw, int x, int y, unsigned int w, unsigned int h, int filled, int invert); +int drw_text(Drw *drw, int x, int y, unsigned int w, unsigned int h, unsigned int lpad, const char *text, int invert); + +/* Map functions */ +void drw_map(Drw *drw, Window win, int x, int y, unsigned int w, unsigned int h); diff --git a/dwm.1 b/dwm.1 @@ -0,0 +1,176 @@ +.TH DWM 1 dwm\-VERSION +.SH NAME +dwm \- dynamic window manager +.SH SYNOPSIS +.B dwm +.RB [ \-v ] +.SH DESCRIPTION +dwm is a dynamic window manager for X. It manages windows in tiled, monocle +and floating layouts. Either layout can be applied dynamically, optimising the +environment for the application in use and the task performed. +.P +In tiled layouts windows are managed in a master and stacking area. The master +area on the left contains one window by default, and the stacking area on the +right contains all other windows. The number of master area windows can be +adjusted from zero to an arbitrary number. In monocle layout all windows are +maximised to the screen size. In floating layout windows can be resized and +moved freely. Dialog windows are always managed floating, regardless of the +layout applied. +.P +Windows are grouped by tags. Each window can be tagged with one or multiple +tags. Selecting certain tags displays all windows with these tags. +.P +Each screen contains a small status bar which displays all available tags, the +layout, the title of the focused window, and the text read from the root window +name property, if the screen is focused. A floating window is indicated with an +empty square and a maximised floating window is indicated with a filled square +before the windows title. The selected tags are indicated with a different +color. The tags of the focused window are indicated with a filled square in the +top left corner. The tags which are applied to one or more windows are +indicated with an empty square in the top left corner. +.P +dwm draws a small border around windows to indicate the focus state. +.SH OPTIONS +.TP +.B \-v +prints version information to standard output, then exits. +.SH USAGE +.SS Status bar +.TP +.B X root window name +is read and displayed in the status text area. It can be set with the +.BR xsetroot (1) +command. +.TP +.B Button1 +click on a tag label to display all windows with that tag, click on the layout +label toggles between tiled and floating layout. +.TP +.B Button3 +click on a tag label adds/removes all windows with that tag to/from the view. +.TP +.B Mod1\-Button1 +click on a tag label applies that tag to the focused window. +.TP +.B Mod1\-Button3 +click on a tag label adds/removes that tag to/from the focused window. +.SS Keyboard commands +.TP +.B Mod1\-Shift\-Return +Start +.BR st(1). +.TP +.B Mod1\-p +Spawn +.BR dmenu(1) +for launching other programs. +.TP +.B Mod1\-, +Focus previous screen, if any. +.TP +.B Mod1\-. +Focus next screen, if any. +.TP +.B Mod1\-Shift\-, +Send focused window to previous screen, if any. +.TP +.B Mod1\-Shift\-. +Send focused window to next screen, if any. +.TP +.B Mod1\-b +Toggles bar on and off. +.TP +.B Mod1\-t +Sets tiled layout. +.TP +.B Mod1\-f +Sets floating layout. +.TP +.B Mod1\-m +Sets monocle layout. +.TP +.B Mod1\-space +Toggles between current and previous layout. +.TP +.B Mod1\-j +Focus next window. +.TP +.B Mod1\-k +Focus previous window. +.TP +.B Mod1\-i +Increase number of windows in master area. +.TP +.B Mod1\-d +Decrease number of windows in master area. +.TP +.B Mod1\-l +Increase master area size. +.TP +.B Mod1\-h +Decrease master area size. +.TP +.B Mod1\-Return +Zooms/cycles focused window to/from master area (tiled layouts only). +.TP +.B Mod1\-Shift\-c +Close focused window. +.TP +.B Mod1\-Shift\-space +Toggle focused window between tiled and floating state. +.TP +.B Mod1\-Tab +Toggles to the previously selected tags. +.TP +.B Mod1\-Shift\-[1..n] +Apply nth tag to focused window. +.TP +.B Mod1\-Shift\-0 +Apply all tags to focused window. +.TP +.B Mod1\-Control\-Shift\-[1..n] +Add/remove nth tag to/from focused window. +.TP +.B Mod1\-[1..n] +View all windows with nth tag. +.TP +.B Mod1\-0 +View all windows with any tag. +.TP +.B Mod1\-Control\-[1..n] +Add/remove all windows with nth tag to/from the view. +.TP +.B Mod1\-Shift\-q +Quit dwm. +.SS Mouse commands +.TP +.B Mod1\-Button1 +Move focused window while dragging. Tiled windows will be toggled to the floating state. +.TP +.B Mod1\-Button2 +Toggles focused window between floating and tiled state. +.TP +.B Mod1\-Button3 +Resize focused window while dragging. Tiled windows will be toggled to the floating state. +.SH CUSTOMIZATION +dwm is customized by creating a custom config.h and (re)compiling the source +code. This keeps it fast, secure and simple. +.SH SEE ALSO +.BR dmenu (1), +.BR st (1) +.SH ISSUES +Java applications which use the XToolkit/XAWT backend may draw grey windows +only. The XToolkit/XAWT backend breaks ICCCM-compliance in recent JDK 1.5 and early +JDK 1.6 versions, because it assumes a reparenting window manager. Possible workarounds +are using JDK 1.4 (which doesn't contain the XToolkit/XAWT backend) or setting the +environment variable +.BR AWT_TOOLKIT=MToolkit +(to use the older Motif backend instead) or running +.B xprop -root -f _NET_WM_NAME 32a -set _NET_WM_NAME LG3D +or +.B wmname LG3D +(to pretend that a non-reparenting window manager is running that the +XToolkit/XAWT backend can recognize) or when using OpenJDK setting the environment variable +.BR _JAVA_AWT_WM_NONREPARENTING=1 . +.SH BUGS +Send all bug reports with a patch to hackers@suckless.org. diff --git a/dwm.c b/dwm.c @@ -0,0 +1,2169 @@ +/* See LICENSE file for copyright and license details. + * + * dynamic window manager is designed like any other X client as well. It is + * driven through handling X events. In contrast to other X clients, a window + * manager selects for SubstructureRedirectMask on the root window, to receive + * events about window (dis-)appearance. Only one X connection at a time is + * allowed to select for this event mask. + * + * The event handlers of dwm are organized in an array which is accessed + * whenever a new event has been fetched. This allows event dispatching + * in O(1) time. + * + * Each child of the root window is called a client, except windows which have + * set the override_redirect flag. Clients are organized in a linked client + * list on each monitor, the focus history is remembered through a stack list + * on each monitor. Each client contains a bit array to indicate the tags of a + * client. + * + * Keys and tagging rules are organized as arrays and defined in config.h. + * + * To understand everything else, start reading main(). + */ +#include <errno.h> +#include <locale.h> +#include <signal.h> +#include <stdarg.h> +#include <stdio.h> +#include <stdlib.h> +#include <string.h> +#include <unistd.h> +#include <sys/types.h> +#include <sys/wait.h> +#include <X11/cursorfont.h> +#include <X11/keysym.h> +#include <X11/Xatom.h> +#include <X11/Xlib.h> +#include <X11/Xproto.h> +#include <X11/Xutil.h> +#ifdef XINERAMA +#include <X11/extensions/Xinerama.h> +#endif /* XINERAMA */ +#include <X11/Xft/Xft.h> + +#include "drw.h" +#include "util.h" + +/* macros */ +#define BUTTONMASK (ButtonPressMask|ButtonReleaseMask) +#define CLEANMASK(mask) (mask & ~(numlockmask|LockMask) & (ShiftMask|ControlMask|Mod1Mask|Mod2Mask|Mod3Mask|Mod4Mask|Mod5Mask)) +#define INTERSECT(x,y,w,h,m) (MAX(0, MIN((x)+(w),(m)->wx+(m)->ww) - MAX((x),(m)->wx)) \ + * MAX(0, MIN((y)+(h),(m)->wy+(m)->wh) - MAX((y),(m)->wy))) +#define ISVISIBLE(C) ((C->tags & C->mon->tagset[C->mon->seltags])) +#define LENGTH(X) (sizeof X / sizeof X[0]) +#define MOUSEMASK (BUTTONMASK|PointerMotionMask) +#define WIDTH(X) ((X)->w + 2 * (X)->bw) +#define HEIGHT(X) ((X)->h + 2 * (X)->bw) +#define TAGMASK ((1 << LENGTH(tags)) - 1) +#define TEXTW(X) (drw_fontset_getwidth(drw, (X)) + lrpad) + +/* enums */ +enum { CurNormal, CurResize, CurMove, CurLast }; /* cursor */ +enum { SchemeNorm, SchemeSel }; /* color schemes */ +enum { NetSupported, NetWMName, NetWMState, NetWMCheck, + NetWMFullscreen, NetActiveWindow, NetWMWindowType, + NetWMWindowTypeDialog, NetClientList, NetLast }; /* EWMH atoms */ +enum { WMProtocols, WMDelete, WMState, WMTakeFocus, WMLast }; /* default atoms */ +enum { ClkTagBar, ClkLtSymbol, ClkStatusText, ClkWinTitle, + ClkClientWin, ClkRootWin, ClkLast }; /* clicks */ + +typedef union { + int i; + unsigned int ui; + float f; + const void *v; +} Arg; + +typedef struct { + unsigned int click; + unsigned int mask; + unsigned int button; + void (*func)(const Arg *arg); + const Arg arg; +} Button; + +typedef struct Monitor Monitor; +typedef struct Client Client; +struct Client { + char name[256]; + float mina, maxa; + int x, y, w, h; + int oldx, oldy, oldw, oldh; + int basew, baseh, incw, inch, maxw, maxh, minw, minh; + int bw, oldbw; + unsigned int tags; + int isfixed, isfloating, isurgent, neverfocus, oldstate, isfullscreen; + Client *next; + Client *snext; + Monitor *mon; + Window win; +}; + +typedef struct { + unsigned int mod; + KeySym keysym; + void (*func)(const Arg *); + const Arg arg; +} Key; + +typedef struct { + const char *symbol; + void (*arrange)(Monitor *); +} Layout; + +struct Monitor { + char ltsymbol[16]; + float mfact; + int nmaster; + int num; + int by; /* bar geometry */ + int mx, my, mw, mh; /* screen size */ + int wx, wy, ww, wh; /* window area */ + int gappx; /* gaps between windows */ + unsigned int seltags; + unsigned int sellt; + unsigned int tagset[2]; + int showbar; + int topbar; + Client *clients; + Client *sel; + Client *stack; + Monitor *next; + Window barwin; + const Layout *lt[2]; +}; + +typedef struct { + const char *class; + const char *instance; + const char *title; + unsigned int tags; + int isfloating; + int monitor; +} Rule; + +/* function declarations */ +static void applyrules(Client *c); +static int applysizehints(Client *c, int *x, int *y, int *w, int *h, int interact); +static void arrange(Monitor *m); +static void arrangemon(Monitor *m); +static void attach(Client *c); +static void attachstack(Client *c); +static void buttonpress(XEvent *e); +static void checkotherwm(void); +static void cleanup(void); +static void cleanupmon(Monitor *mon); +static void clientmessage(XEvent *e); +static void configure(Client *c); +static void configurenotify(XEvent *e); +static void configurerequest(XEvent *e); +static Monitor *createmon(void); +static void destroynotify(XEvent *e); +static void detach(Client *c); +static void detachstack(Client *c); +static Monitor *dirtomon(int dir); +static void drawbar(Monitor *m); +static void drawbars(void); +static void enternotify(XEvent *e); +static void expose(XEvent *e); +static void focus(Client *c); +static void focusin(XEvent *e); +static void focusmon(const Arg *arg); +static void focusstack(const Arg *arg); +static int getrootptr(int *x, int *y); +static long getstate(Window w); +static int gettextprop(Window w, Atom atom, char *text, unsigned int size); +static void grabbuttons(Client *c, int focused); +static void grabkeys(void); +static void incnmaster(const Arg *arg); +static void keypress(XEvent *e); +static void killclient(const Arg *arg); +static void manage(Window w, XWindowAttributes *wa); +static void mappingnotify(XEvent *e); +static void maprequest(XEvent *e); +static void monocle(Monitor *m); +static void motionnotify(XEvent *e); +static void movemouse(const Arg *arg); +static Client *nexttiled(Client *c); +static void pop(Client *); +static void propertynotify(XEvent *e); +static void quit(const Arg *arg); +static Monitor *recttomon(int x, int y, int w, int h); +static void resize(Client *c, int x, int y, int w, int h, int interact); +static void resizeclient(Client *c, int x, int y, int w, int h); +static void resizemouse(const Arg *arg); +static void restack(Monitor *m); +static void run(void); +static void runAutostart(void); +static void scan(void); +static int sendevent(Client *c, Atom proto); +static void sendmon(Client *c, Monitor *m); +static void setclientstate(Client *c, long state); +static void setfocus(Client *c); +static void setfullscreen(Client *c, int fullscreen); +static void setgaps(const Arg *arg); +static void setlayout(const Arg *arg); +static void setmfact(const Arg *arg); +static void setup(void); +static void seturgent(Client *c, int urg); +static void showhide(Client *c); +static void sigchld(int unused); +static void spawn(const Arg *arg); +static void tag(const Arg *arg); +static void tagmon(const Arg *arg); +static void tile(Monitor *); +static void togglebar(const Arg *arg); +static void togglefloating(const Arg *arg); +static void toggletag(const Arg *arg); +static void toggleview(const Arg *arg); +static void unfocus(Client *c, int setfocus); +static void unmanage(Client *c, int destroyed); +static void unmapnotify(XEvent *e); +static void updatebarpos(Monitor *m); +static void updatebars(void); +static void updateclientlist(void); +static int updategeom(void); +static void updatenumlockmask(void); +static void updatesizehints(Client *c); +static void updatestatus(void); +static void updatetitle(Client *c); +static void updatewindowtype(Client *c); +static void updatewmhints(Client *c); +static void view(const Arg *arg); +static Client *wintoclient(Window w); +static Monitor *wintomon(Window w); +static int xerror(Display *dpy, XErrorEvent *ee); +static int xerrordummy(Display *dpy, XErrorEvent *ee); +static int xerrorstart(Display *dpy, XErrorEvent *ee); +static void zoom(const Arg *arg); + +/* variables */ +static const char broken[] = "broken"; +static char stext[256]; +static int screen; +static int sw, sh; /* X display screen geometry width, height */ +static int bh, blw = 0; /* bar geometry */ +static int lrpad; /* sum of left and right padding for text */ +static int (*xerrorxlib)(Display *, XErrorEvent *); +static unsigned int numlockmask = 0; +static void (*handler[LASTEvent]) (XEvent *) = { + [ButtonPress] = buttonpress, + [ClientMessage] = clientmessage, + [ConfigureRequest] = configurerequest, + [ConfigureNotify] = configurenotify, + [DestroyNotify] = destroynotify, + [EnterNotify] = enternotify, + [Expose] = expose, + [FocusIn] = focusin, + [KeyPress] = keypress, + [MappingNotify] = mappingnotify, + [MapRequest] = maprequest, + [MotionNotify] = motionnotify, + [PropertyNotify] = propertynotify, + [UnmapNotify] = unmapnotify +}; +static Atom wmatom[WMLast], netatom[NetLast]; +static int running = 1; +static Cur *cursor[CurLast]; +static Clr **scheme; +static Display *dpy; +static Drw *drw; +static Monitor *mons, *selmon; +static Window root, wmcheckwin; + +/* configuration, allows nested code to access above variables */ +#include "config.h" + +/* compile-time check if all tags fit into an unsigned int bit array. */ +struct NumTags { char limitexceeded[LENGTH(tags) > 31 ? -1 : 1]; }; + +/* function implementations */ +void +applyrules(Client *c) +{ + const char *class, *instance; + unsigned int i; + const Rule *r; + Monitor *m; + XClassHint ch = { NULL, NULL }; + + /* rule matching */ + c->isfloating = 0; + c->tags = 0; + XGetClassHint(dpy, c->win, &ch); + class = ch.res_class ? ch.res_class : broken; + instance = ch.res_name ? ch.res_name : broken; + + for (i = 0; i < LENGTH(rules); i++) { + r = &rules[i]; + if ((!r->title || strstr(c->name, r->title)) + && (!r->class || strstr(class, r->class)) + && (!r->instance || strstr(instance, r->instance))) + { + c->isfloating = r->isfloating; + c->tags |= r->tags; + for (m = mons; m && m->num != r->monitor; m = m->next); + if (m) + c->mon = m; + } + } + if (ch.res_class) + XFree(ch.res_class); + if (ch.res_name) + XFree(ch.res_name); + c->tags = c->tags & TAGMASK ? c->tags & TAGMASK : c->mon->tagset[c->mon->seltags]; +} + +int +applysizehints(Client *c, int *x, int *y, int *w, int *h, int interact) +{ + int baseismin; + Monitor *m = c->mon; + + /* set minimum possible */ + *w = MAX(1, *w); + *h = MAX(1, *h); + if (interact) { + if (*x > sw) + *x = sw - WIDTH(c); + if (*y > sh) + *y = sh - HEIGHT(c); + if (*x + *w + 2 * c->bw < 0) + *x = 0; + if (*y + *h + 2 * c->bw < 0) + *y = 0; + } else { + if (*x >= m->wx + m->ww) + *x = m->wx + m->ww - WIDTH(c); + if (*y >= m->wy + m->wh) + *y = m->wy + m->wh - HEIGHT(c); + if (*x + *w + 2 * c->bw <= m->wx) + *x = m->wx; + if (*y + *h + 2 * c->bw <= m->wy) + *y = m->wy; + } + if (*h < bh) + *h = bh; + if (*w < bh) + *w = bh; + if (resizehints || c->isfloating || !c->mon->lt[c->mon->sellt]->arrange) { + /* see last two sentences in ICCCM 4.1.2.3 */ + baseismin = c->basew == c->minw && c->baseh == c->minh; + if (!baseismin) { /* temporarily remove base dimensions */ + *w -= c->basew; + *h -= c->baseh; + } + /* adjust for aspect limits */ + if (c->mina > 0 && c->maxa > 0) { + if (c->maxa < (float)*w / *h) + *w = *h * c->maxa + 0.5; + else if (c->mina < (float)*h / *w) + *h = *w * c->mina + 0.5; + } + if (baseismin) { /* increment calculation requires this */ + *w -= c->basew; + *h -= c->baseh; + } + /* adjust for increment value */ + if (c->incw) + *w -= *w % c->incw; + if (c->inch) + *h -= *h % c->inch; + /* restore base dimensions */ + *w = MAX(*w + c->basew, c->minw); + *h = MAX(*h + c->baseh, c->minh); + if (c->maxw) + *w = MIN(*w, c->maxw); + if (c->maxh) + *h = MIN(*h, c->maxh); + } + return *x != c->x || *y != c->y || *w != c->w || *h != c->h; +} + +void +arrange(Monitor *m) +{ + if (m) + showhide(m->stack); + else for (m = mons; m; m = m->next) + showhide(m->stack); + if (m) { + arrangemon(m); + restack(m); + } else for (m = mons; m; m = m->next) + arrangemon(m); +} + +void +arrangemon(Monitor *m) +{ + strncpy(m->ltsymbol, m->lt[m->sellt]->symbol, sizeof m->ltsymbol); + if (m->lt[m->sellt]->arrange) + m->lt[m->sellt]->arrange(m); +} + +void +attach(Client *c) +{ + c->next = c->mon->clients; + c->mon->clients = c; +} + +void +attachstack(Client *c) +{ + c->snext = c->mon->stack; + c->mon->stack = c; +} + +void +buttonpress(XEvent *e) +{ + unsigned int i, x, click; + Arg arg = {0}; + Client *c; + Monitor *m; + XButtonPressedEvent *ev = &e->xbutton; + + click = ClkRootWin; + /* focus monitor if necessary */ + if ((m = wintomon(ev->window)) && m != selmon) { + unfocus(selmon->sel, 1); + selmon = m; + focus(NULL); + } + if (ev->window == selmon->barwin) { + i = x = 0; + do + x += TEXTW(tags[i]); + while (ev->x >= x && ++i < LENGTH(tags)); + if (i < LENGTH(tags)) { + click = ClkTagBar; + arg.ui = 1 << i; + } else if (ev->x < x + blw) + click = ClkLtSymbol; + else if (ev->x > selmon->ww - TEXTW(stext)) + click = ClkStatusText; + else + click = ClkWinTitle; + } else if ((c = wintoclient(ev->window))) { + focus(c); + restack(selmon); + XAllowEvents(dpy, ReplayPointer, CurrentTime); + click = ClkClientWin; + } + for (i = 0; i < LENGTH(buttons); i++) + if (click == buttons[i].click && buttons[i].func && buttons[i].button == ev->button + && CLEANMASK(buttons[i].mask) == CLEANMASK(ev->state)) + buttons[i].func(click == ClkTagBar && buttons[i].arg.i == 0 ? &arg : &buttons[i].arg); +} + +void +checkotherwm(void) +{ + xerrorxlib = XSetErrorHandler(xerrorstart); + /* this causes an error if some other window manager is running */ + XSelectInput(dpy, DefaultRootWindow(dpy), SubstructureRedirectMask); + XSync(dpy, False); + XSetErrorHandler(xerror); + XSync(dpy, False); +} + +void +cleanup(void) +{ + Arg a = {.ui = ~0}; + Layout foo = { "", NULL }; + Monitor *m; + size_t i; + + view(&a); + selmon->lt[selmon->sellt] = &foo; + for (m = mons; m; m = m->next) + while (m->stack) + unmanage(m->stack, 0); + XUngrabKey(dpy, AnyKey, AnyModifier, root); + while (mons) + cleanupmon(mons); + for (i = 0; i < CurLast; i++) + drw_cur_free(drw, cursor[i]); + for (i = 0; i < LENGTH(colors); i++) + free(scheme[i]); + XDestroyWindow(dpy, wmcheckwin); + drw_free(drw); + XSync(dpy, False); + XSetInputFocus(dpy, PointerRoot, RevertToPointerRoot, CurrentTime); + XDeleteProperty(dpy, root, netatom[NetActiveWindow]); +} + +void +cleanupmon(Monitor *mon) +{ + Monitor *m; + + if (mon == mons) + mons = mons->next; + else { + for (m = mons; m && m->next != mon; m = m->next); + m->next = mon->next; + } + XUnmapWindow(dpy, mon->barwin); + XDestroyWindow(dpy, mon->barwin); + free(mon); +} + +void +clientmessage(XEvent *e) +{ + XClientMessageEvent *cme = &e->xclient; + Client *c = wintoclient(cme->window); + + if (!c) + return; + if (cme->message_type == netatom[NetWMState]) { + if (cme->data.l[1] == netatom[NetWMFullscreen] + || cme->data.l[2] == netatom[NetWMFullscreen]) + setfullscreen(c, (cme->data.l[0] == 1 /* _NET_WM_STATE_ADD */ + || (cme->data.l[0] == 2 /* _NET_WM_STATE_TOGGLE */ && !c->isfullscreen))); + } else if (cme->message_type == netatom[NetActiveWindow]) { + if (c != selmon->sel && !c->isurgent) + seturgent(c, 1); + } +} + +void +configure(Client *c) +{ + XConfigureEvent ce; + + ce.type = ConfigureNotify; + ce.display = dpy; + ce.event = c->win; + ce.window = c->win; + ce.x = c->x; + ce.y = c->y; + ce.width = c->w; + ce.height = c->h; + ce.border_width = c->bw; + ce.above = None; + ce.override_redirect = False; + XSendEvent(dpy, c->win, False, StructureNotifyMask, (XEvent *)&ce); +} + +void +configurenotify(XEvent *e) +{ + Monitor *m; + Client *c; + XConfigureEvent *ev = &e->xconfigure; + int dirty; + + /* TODO: updategeom handling sucks, needs to be simplified */ + if (ev->window == root) { + dirty = (sw != ev->width || sh != ev->height); + sw = ev->width; + sh = ev->height; + if (updategeom() || dirty) { + drw_resize(drw, sw, bh); + updatebars(); + for (m = mons; m; m = m->next) { + for (c = m->clients; c; c = c->next) + if (c->isfullscreen) + resizeclient(c, m->mx, m->my, m->mw, m->mh); + XMoveResizeWindow(dpy, m->barwin, m->wx, m->by, m->ww, bh); + } + focus(NULL); + arrange(NULL); + } + } +} + +void +configurerequest(XEvent *e) +{ + Client *c; + Monitor *m; + XConfigureRequestEvent *ev = &e->xconfigurerequest; + XWindowChanges wc; + + if ((c = wintoclient(ev->window))) { + if (ev->value_mask & CWBorderWidth) + c->bw = ev->border_width; + else if (c->isfloating || !selmon->lt[selmon->sellt]->arrange) { + m = c->mon; + if (ev->value_mask & CWX) { + c->oldx = c->x; + c->x = m->mx + ev->x; + } + if (ev->value_mask & CWY) { + c->oldy = c->y; + c->y = m->my + ev->y; + } + if (ev->value_mask & CWWidth) { + c->oldw = c->w; + c->w = ev->width; + } + if (ev->value_mask & CWHeight) { + c->oldh = c->h; + c->h = ev->height; + } + if ((c->x + c->w) > m->mx + m->mw && c->isfloating) + c->x = m->mx + (m->mw / 2 - WIDTH(c) / 2); /* center in x direction */ + if ((c->y + c->h) > m->my + m->mh && c->isfloating) + c->y = m->my + (m->mh / 2 - HEIGHT(c) / 2); /* center in y direction */ + if ((ev->value_mask & (CWX|CWY)) && !(ev->value_mask & (CWWidth|CWHeight))) + configure(c); + if (ISVISIBLE(c)) + XMoveResizeWindow(dpy, c->win, c->x, c->y, c->w, c->h); + } else + configure(c); + } else { + wc.x = ev->x; + wc.y = ev->y; + wc.width = ev->width; + wc.height = ev->height; + wc.border_width = ev->border_width; + wc.sibling = ev->above; + wc.stack_mode = ev->detail; + XConfigureWindow(dpy, ev->window, ev->value_mask, &wc); + } + XSync(dpy, False); +} + +Monitor * +createmon(void) +{ + Monitor *m; + + m = ecalloc(1, sizeof(Monitor)); + m->tagset[0] = m->tagset[1] = 1; + m->mfact = mfact; + m->nmaster = nmaster; + m->showbar = showbar; + m->topbar = topbar; + m->gappx = gappx; + m->lt[0] = &layouts[0]; + m->lt[1] = &layouts[1 % LENGTH(layouts)]; + strncpy(m->ltsymbol, layouts[0].symbol, sizeof m->ltsymbol); + return m; +} + +void +destroynotify(XEvent *e) +{ + Client *c; + XDestroyWindowEvent *ev = &e->xdestroywindow; + + if ((c = wintoclient(ev->window))) + unmanage(c, 1); +} + +void +detach(Client *c) +{ + Client **tc; + + for (tc = &c->mon->clients; *tc && *tc != c; tc = &(*tc)->next); + *tc = c->next; +} + +void +detachstack(Client *c) +{ + Client **tc, *t; + + for (tc = &c->mon->stack; *tc && *tc != c; tc = &(*tc)->snext); + *tc = c->snext; + + if (c == c->mon->sel) { + for (t = c->mon->stack; t && !ISVISIBLE(t); t = t->snext); + c->mon->sel = t; + } +} + +Monitor * +dirtomon(int dir) +{ + Monitor *m = NULL; + + if (dir > 0) { + if (!(m = selmon->next)) + m = mons; + } else if (selmon == mons) + for (m = mons; m->next; m = m->next); + else + for (m = mons; m->next != selmon; m = m->next); + return m; +} + +void +drawbar(Monitor *m) +{ + int x, w, sw = 0; + int boxs = drw->fonts->h / 9; + int boxw = drw->fonts->h / 6 + 2; + unsigned int i, occ = 0, urg = 0; + Client *c; + + /* draw status first so it can be overdrawn by tags later */ + if (m == selmon) { /* status is only drawn on selected monitor */ + drw_setscheme(drw, scheme[SchemeNorm]); + sw = TEXTW(stext) - lrpad + 2; /* 2px right padding */ + drw_text(drw, m->ww - sw, 0, sw, bh, 0, stext, 0); + } + + for (c = m->clients; c; c = c->next) { + occ |= c->tags; + if (c->isurgent) + urg |= c->tags; + } + x = 0; + for (i = 0; i < LENGTH(tags); i++) { + w = TEXTW(tags[i]); + drw_setscheme(drw, scheme[m->tagset[m->seltags] & 1 << i ? SchemeSel : SchemeNorm]); + drw_text(drw, x, 0, w, bh, lrpad / 2, tags[i], urg & 1 << i); + if (occ & 1 << i) + drw_rect(drw, x + boxs, boxs, boxw, boxw, + m == selmon && selmon->sel && selmon->sel->tags & 1 << i, + urg & 1 << i); + x += w; + } + w = blw = TEXTW(m->ltsymbol); + drw_setscheme(drw, scheme[SchemeNorm]); + x = drw_text(drw, x, 0, w, bh, lrpad / 2, m->ltsymbol, 0); + + if ((w = m->ww - sw - x) > bh) { + if (m->sel) { + drw_setscheme(drw, scheme[m == selmon ? SchemeSel : SchemeNorm]); + drw_text(drw, x, 0, w, bh, lrpad / 2, m->sel->name, 0); + if (m->sel->isfloating) + drw_rect(drw, x + boxs, boxs, boxw, boxw, m->sel->isfixed, 0); + } else { + drw_setscheme(drw, scheme[SchemeNorm]); + drw_rect(drw, x, 0, w, bh, 1, 1); + } + } + drw_map(drw, m->barwin, 0, 0, m->ww, bh); +} + +void +drawbars(void) +{ + Monitor *m; + + for (m = mons; m; m = m->next) + drawbar(m); +} + +void +enternotify(XEvent *e) +{ + Client *c; + Monitor *m; + XCrossingEvent *ev = &e->xcrossing; + + if ((ev->mode != NotifyNormal || ev->detail == NotifyInferior) && ev->window != root) + return; + c = wintoclient(ev->window); + m = c ? c->mon : wintomon(ev->window); + if (m != selmon) { + unfocus(selmon->sel, 1); + selmon = m; + } else if (!c || c == selmon->sel) + return; + focus(c); +} + +void +expose(XEvent *e) +{ + Monitor *m; + XExposeEvent *ev = &e->xexpose; + + if (ev->count == 0 && (m = wintomon(ev->window))) + drawbar(m); +} + +void +focus(Client *c) +{ + if (!c || !ISVISIBLE(c)) + for (c = selmon->stack; c && !ISVISIBLE(c); c = c->snext); + if (selmon->sel && selmon->sel != c) + unfocus(selmon->sel, 0); + if (c) { + if (c->mon != selmon) + selmon = c->mon; + if (c->isurgent) + seturgent(c, 0); + detachstack(c); + attachstack(c); + grabbuttons(c, 1); + XSetWindowBorder(dpy, c->win, scheme[SchemeSel][ColBorder].pixel); + setfocus(c); + } else { + XSetInputFocus(dpy, root, RevertToPointerRoot, CurrentTime); + XDeleteProperty(dpy, root, netatom[NetActiveWindow]); + } + selmon->sel = c; + drawbars(); +} + +/* there are some broken focus acquiring clients needing extra handling */ +void +focusin(XEvent *e) +{ + XFocusChangeEvent *ev = &e->xfocus; + + if (selmon->sel && ev->window != selmon->sel->win) + setfocus(selmon->sel); +} + +void +focusmon(const Arg *arg) +{ + Monitor *m; + + if (!mons->next) + return; + if ((m = dirtomon(arg->i)) == selmon) + return; + unfocus(selmon->sel, 0); + selmon = m; + focus(NULL); +} + +void +focusstack(const Arg *arg) +{ + Client *c = NULL, *i; + + if (!selmon->sel) + return; + if (arg->i > 0) { + for (c = selmon->sel->next; c && !ISVISIBLE(c); c = c->next); + if (!c) + for (c = selmon->clients; c && !ISVISIBLE(c); c = c->next); + } else { + for (i = selmon->clients; i != selmon->sel; i = i->next) + if (ISVISIBLE(i)) + c = i; + if (!c) + for (; i; i = i->next) + if (ISVISIBLE(i)) + c = i; + } + if (c) { + focus(c); + restack(selmon); + } +} + +Atom +getatomprop(Client *c, Atom prop) +{ + int di; + unsigned long dl; + unsigned char *p = NULL; + Atom da, atom = None; + + if (XGetWindowProperty(dpy, c->win, prop, 0L, sizeof atom, False, XA_ATOM, + &da, &di, &dl, &dl, &p) == Success && p) { + atom = *(Atom *)p; + XFree(p); + } + return atom; +} + +int +getrootptr(int *x, int *y) +{ + int di; + unsigned int dui; + Window dummy; + + return XQueryPointer(dpy, root, &dummy, &dummy, x, y, &di, &di, &dui); +} + +long +getstate(Window w) +{ + int format; + long result = -1; + unsigned char *p = NULL; + unsigned long n, extra; + Atom real; + + if (XGetWindowProperty(dpy, w, wmatom[WMState], 0L, 2L, False, wmatom[WMState], + &real, &format, &n, &extra, (unsigned char **)&p) != Success) + return -1; + if (n != 0) + result = *p; + XFree(p); + return result; +} + +int +gettextprop(Window w, Atom atom, char *text, unsigned int size) +{ + char **list = NULL; + int n; + XTextProperty name; + + if (!text || size == 0) + return 0; + text[0] = '\0'; + if (!XGetTextProperty(dpy, w, &name, atom) || !name.nitems) + return 0; + if (name.encoding == XA_STRING) + strncpy(text, (char *)name.value, size - 1); + else { + if (XmbTextPropertyToTextList(dpy, &name, &list, &n) >= Success && n > 0 && *list) { + strncpy(text, *list, size - 1); + XFreeStringList(list); + } + } + text[size - 1] = '\0'; + XFree(name.value); + return 1; +} + +void +grabbuttons(Client *c, int focused) +{ + updatenumlockmask(); + { + unsigned int i, j; + unsigned int modifiers[] = { 0, LockMask, numlockmask, numlockmask|LockMask }; + XUngrabButton(dpy, AnyButton, AnyModifier, c->win); + if (!focused) + XGrabButton(dpy, AnyButton, AnyModifier, c->win, False, + BUTTONMASK, GrabModeSync, GrabModeSync, None, None); + for (i = 0; i < LENGTH(buttons); i++) + if (buttons[i].click == ClkClientWin) + for (j = 0; j < LENGTH(modifiers); j++) + XGrabButton(dpy, buttons[i].button, + buttons[i].mask | modifiers[j], + c->win, False, BUTTONMASK, + GrabModeAsync, GrabModeSync, None, None); + } +} + +void +grabkeys(void) +{ + updatenumlockmask(); + { + unsigned int i, j; + unsigned int modifiers[] = { 0, LockMask, numlockmask, numlockmask|LockMask }; + KeyCode code; + + XUngrabKey(dpy, AnyKey, AnyModifier, root); + for (i = 0; i < LENGTH(keys); i++) + if ((code = XKeysymToKeycode(dpy, keys[i].keysym))) + for (j = 0; j < LENGTH(modifiers); j++) + XGrabKey(dpy, code, keys[i].mod | modifiers[j], root, + True, GrabModeAsync, GrabModeAsync); + } +} + +void +incnmaster(const Arg *arg) +{ + selmon->nmaster = MAX(selmon->nmaster + arg->i, 0); + arrange(selmon); +} + +#ifdef XINERAMA +static int +isuniquegeom(XineramaScreenInfo *unique, size_t n, XineramaScreenInfo *info) +{ + while (n--) + if (unique[n].x_org == info->x_org && unique[n].y_org == info->y_org + && unique[n].width == info->width && unique[n].height == info->height) + return 0; + return 1; +} +#endif /* XINERAMA */ + +void +keypress(XEvent *e) +{ + unsigned int i; + KeySym keysym; + XKeyEvent *ev; + + ev = &e->xkey; + keysym = XKeycodeToKeysym(dpy, (KeyCode)ev->keycode, 0); + for (i = 0; i < LENGTH(keys); i++) + if (keysym == keys[i].keysym + && CLEANMASK(keys[i].mod) == CLEANMASK(ev->state) + && keys[i].func) + keys[i].func(&(keys[i].arg)); +} + +void +killclient(const Arg *arg) +{ + if (!selmon->sel) + return; + if (!sendevent(selmon->sel, wmatom[WMDelete])) { + XGrabServer(dpy); + XSetErrorHandler(xerrordummy); + XSetCloseDownMode(dpy, DestroyAll); + XKillClient(dpy, selmon->sel->win); + XSync(dpy, False); + XSetErrorHandler(xerror); + XUngrabServer(dpy); + } +} + +void +manage(Window w, XWindowAttributes *wa) +{ + Client *c, *t = NULL; + Window trans = None; + XWindowChanges wc; + + c = ecalloc(1, sizeof(Client)); + c->win = w; + /* geometry */ + c->x = c->oldx = wa->x; + c->y = c->oldy = wa->y; + c->w = c->oldw = wa->width; + c->h = c->oldh = wa->height; + c->oldbw = wa->border_width; + + updatetitle(c); + if (XGetTransientForHint(dpy, w, &trans) && (t = wintoclient(trans))) { + c->mon = t->mon; + c->tags = t->tags; + } else { + c->mon = selmon; + applyrules(c); + } + + if (c->x + WIDTH(c) > c->mon->mx + c->mon->mw) + c->x = c->mon->mx + c->mon->mw - WIDTH(c); + if (c->y + HEIGHT(c) > c->mon->my + c->mon->mh) + c->y = c->mon->my + c->mon->mh - HEIGHT(c); + c->x = MAX(c->x, c->mon->mx); + /* only fix client y-offset, if the client center might cover the bar */ + c->y = MAX(c->y, ((c->mon->by == c->mon->my) && (c->x + (c->w / 2) >= c->mon->wx) + && (c->x + (c->w / 2) < c->mon->wx + c->mon->ww)) ? bh : c->mon->my); + c->bw = borderpx; + + wc.border_width = c->bw; + XConfigureWindow(dpy, w, CWBorderWidth, &wc); + XSetWindowBorder(dpy, w, scheme[SchemeNorm][ColBorder].pixel); + configure(c); /* propagates border_width, if size doesn't change */ + updatewindowtype(c); + updatesizehints(c); + updatewmhints(c); + XSelectInput(dpy, w, EnterWindowMask|FocusChangeMask|PropertyChangeMask|StructureNotifyMask); + grabbuttons(c, 0); + if (!c->isfloating) + c->isfloating = c->oldstate = trans != None || c->isfixed; + if (c->isfloating) + XRaiseWindow(dpy, c->win); + attach(c); + attachstack(c); + XChangeProperty(dpy, root, netatom[NetClientList], XA_WINDOW, 32, PropModeAppend, + (unsigned char *) &(c->win), 1); + XMoveResizeWindow(dpy, c->win, c->x + 2 * sw, c->y, c->w, c->h); /* some windows require this */ + setclientstate(c, NormalState); + if (c->mon == selmon) + unfocus(selmon->sel, 0); + c->mon->sel = c; + arrange(c->mon); + XMapWindow(dpy, c->win); + focus(NULL); +} + +void +mappingnotify(XEvent *e) +{ + XMappingEvent *ev = &e->xmapping; + + XRefreshKeyboardMapping(ev); + if (ev->request == MappingKeyboard) + grabkeys(); +} + +void +maprequest(XEvent *e) +{ + static XWindowAttributes wa; + XMapRequestEvent *ev = &e->xmaprequest; + + if (!XGetWindowAttributes(dpy, ev->window, &wa)) + return; + if (wa.override_redirect) + return; + if (!wintoclient(ev->window)) + manage(ev->window, &wa); +} + +void +monocle(Monitor *m) +{ + unsigned int n = 0; + Client *c; + + for (c = m->clients; c; c = c->next) + if (ISVISIBLE(c)) + n++; + if (n > 0) /* override layout symbol */ + snprintf(m->ltsymbol, sizeof m->ltsymbol, "[%d]", n); + for (c = nexttiled(m->clients); c; c = nexttiled(c->next)) + resize(c, m->wx, m->wy, m->ww - 2 * c->bw, m->wh - 2 * c->bw, 0); +} + +void +motionnotify(XEvent *e) +{ + static Monitor *mon = NULL; + Monitor *m; + XMotionEvent *ev = &e->xmotion; + + if (ev->window != root) + return; + if ((m = recttomon(ev->x_root, ev->y_root, 1, 1)) != mon && mon) { + unfocus(selmon->sel, 1); + selmon = m; + focus(NULL); + } + mon = m; +} + +void +movemouse(const Arg *arg) +{ + int x, y, ocx, ocy, nx, ny; + Client *c; + Monitor *m; + XEvent ev; + Time lasttime = 0; + + if (!(c = selmon->sel)) + return; + if (c->isfullscreen) /* no support moving fullscreen windows by mouse */ + return; + restack(selmon); + ocx = c->x; + ocy = c->y; + if (XGrabPointer(dpy, root, False, MOUSEMASK, GrabModeAsync, GrabModeAsync, + None, cursor[CurMove]->cursor, CurrentTime) != GrabSuccess) + return; + if (!getrootptr(&x, &y)) + return; + do { + XMaskEvent(dpy, MOUSEMASK|ExposureMask|SubstructureRedirectMask, &ev); + switch(ev.type) { + case ConfigureRequest: + case Expose: + case MapRequest: + handler[ev.type](&ev); + break; + case MotionNotify: + if ((ev.xmotion.time - lasttime) <= (1000 / 60)) + continue; + lasttime = ev.xmotion.time; + + nx = ocx + (ev.xmotion.x - x); + ny = ocy + (ev.xmotion.y - y); + if (abs(selmon->wx - nx) < snap) + nx = selmon->wx; + else if (abs((selmon->wx + selmon->ww) - (nx + WIDTH(c))) < snap) + nx = selmon->wx + selmon->ww - WIDTH(c); + if (abs(selmon->wy - ny) < snap) + ny = selmon->wy; + else if (abs((selmon->wy + selmon->wh) - (ny + HEIGHT(c))) < snap) + ny = selmon->wy + selmon->wh - HEIGHT(c); + if (!c->isfloating && selmon->lt[selmon->sellt]->arrange + && (abs(nx - c->x) > snap || abs(ny - c->y) > snap)) + togglefloating(NULL); + if (!selmon->lt[selmon->sellt]->arrange || c->isfloating) + resize(c, nx, ny, c->w, c->h, 1); + break; + } + } while (ev.type != ButtonRelease); + XUngrabPointer(dpy, CurrentTime); + if ((m = recttomon(c->x, c->y, c->w, c->h)) != selmon) { + sendmon(c, m); + selmon = m; + focus(NULL); + } +} + +Client * +nexttiled(Client *c) +{ + for (; c && (c->isfloating || !ISVISIBLE(c)); c = c->next); + return c; +} + +void +pop(Client *c) +{ + detach(c); + attach(c); + focus(c); + arrange(c->mon); +} + +void +propertynotify(XEvent *e) +{ + Client *c; + Window trans; + XPropertyEvent *ev = &e->xproperty; + + if ((ev->window == root) && (ev->atom == XA_WM_NAME)) + updatestatus(); + else if (ev->state == PropertyDelete) + return; /* ignore */ + else if ((c = wintoclient(ev->window))) { + switch(ev->atom) { + default: break; + case XA_WM_TRANSIENT_FOR: + if (!c->isfloating && (XGetTransientForHint(dpy, c->win, &trans)) && + (c->isfloating = (wintoclient(trans)) != NULL)) + arrange(c->mon); + break; + case XA_WM_NORMAL_HINTS: + updatesizehints(c); + break; + case XA_WM_HINTS: + updatewmhints(c); + drawbars(); + break; + } + if (ev->atom == XA_WM_NAME || ev->atom == netatom[NetWMName]) { + updatetitle(c); + if (c == c->mon->sel) + drawbar(c->mon); + } + if (ev->atom == netatom[NetWMWindowType]) + updatewindowtype(c); + } +} + +void +quit(const Arg *arg) +{ + running = 0; +} + +Monitor * +recttomon(int x, int y, int w, int h) +{ + Monitor *m, *r = selmon; + int a, area = 0; + + for (m = mons; m; m = m->next) + if ((a = INTERSECT(x, y, w, h, m)) > area) { + area = a; + r = m; + } + return r; +} + +void +resize(Client *c, int x, int y, int w, int h, int interact) +{ + if (applysizehints(c, &x, &y, &w, &h, interact)) + resizeclient(c, x, y, w, h); +} + +void +resizeclient(Client *c, int x, int y, int w, int h) +{ + XWindowChanges wc; + + c->oldx = c->x; c->x = wc.x = x; + c->oldy = c->y; c->y = wc.y = y; + c->oldw = c->w; c->w = wc.width = w; + c->oldh = c->h; c->h = wc.height = h; + wc.border_width = c->bw; + XConfigureWindow(dpy, c->win, CWX|CWY|CWWidth|CWHeight|CWBorderWidth, &wc); + configure(c); + XSync(dpy, False); +} + +void +resizemouse(const Arg *arg) +{ + int ocx, ocy, nw, nh; + Client *c; + Monitor *m; + XEvent ev; + Time lasttime = 0; + + if (!(c = selmon->sel)) + return; + if (c->isfullscreen) /* no support resizing fullscreen windows by mouse */ + return; + restack(selmon); + ocx = c->x; + ocy = c->y; + if (XGrabPointer(dpy, root, False, MOUSEMASK, GrabModeAsync, GrabModeAsync, + None, cursor[CurResize]->cursor, CurrentTime) != GrabSuccess) + return; + XWarpPointer(dpy, None, c->win, 0, 0, 0, 0, c->w + c->bw - 1, c->h + c->bw - 1); + do { + XMaskEvent(dpy, MOUSEMASK|ExposureMask|SubstructureRedirectMask, &ev); + switch(ev.type) { + case ConfigureRequest: + case Expose: + case MapRequest: + handler[ev.type](&ev); + break; + case MotionNotify: + if ((ev.xmotion.time - lasttime) <= (1000 / 60)) + continue; + lasttime = ev.xmotion.time; + + nw = MAX(ev.xmotion.x - ocx - 2 * c->bw + 1, 1); + nh = MAX(ev.xmotion.y - ocy - 2 * c->bw + 1, 1); + if (c->mon->wx + nw >= selmon->wx && c->mon->wx + nw <= selmon->wx + selmon->ww + && c->mon->wy + nh >= selmon->wy && c->mon->wy + nh <= selmon->wy + selmon->wh) + { + if (!c->isfloating && selmon->lt[selmon->sellt]->arrange + && (abs(nw - c->w) > snap || abs(nh - c->h) > snap)) + togglefloating(NULL); + } + if (!selmon->lt[selmon->sellt]->arrange || c->isfloating) + resize(c, c->x, c->y, nw, nh, 1); + break; + } + } while (ev.type != ButtonRelease); + XWarpPointer(dpy, None, c->win, 0, 0, 0, 0, c->w + c->bw - 1, c->h + c->bw - 1); + XUngrabPointer(dpy, CurrentTime); + while (XCheckMaskEvent(dpy, EnterWindowMask, &ev)); + if ((m = recttomon(c->x, c->y, c->w, c->h)) != selmon) { + sendmon(c, m); + selmon = m; + focus(NULL); + } +} + +void +restack(Monitor *m) +{ + Client *c; + XEvent ev; + XWindowChanges wc; + + drawbar(m); + if (!m->sel) + return; + if (m->sel->isfloating || !m->lt[m->sellt]->arrange) + XRaiseWindow(dpy, m->sel->win); + if (m->lt[m->sellt]->arrange) { + wc.stack_mode = Below; + wc.sibling = m->barwin; + for (c = m->stack; c; c = c->snext) + if (!c->isfloating && ISVISIBLE(c)) { + XConfigureWindow(dpy, c->win, CWSibling|CWStackMode, &wc); + wc.sibling = c->win; + } + } + XSync(dpy, False); + while (XCheckMaskEvent(dpy, EnterWindowMask, &ev)); +} + +void +run(void) +{ + XEvent ev; + /* main event loop */ + XSync(dpy, False); + while (running && !XNextEvent(dpy, &ev)) + if (handler[ev.type]) + handler[ev.type](&ev); /* call handler */ +} + +void +runAutostart(void) { + system("cd ~/.dwm; ./autostart_blocking.sh"); + system("cd ~/.dwm; ./autostart.sh &"); +} +void +scan(void) +{ + unsigned int i, num; + Window d1, d2, *wins = NULL; + XWindowAttributes wa; + + if (XQueryTree(dpy, root, &d1, &d2, &wins, &num)) { + for (i = 0; i < num; i++) { + if (!XGetWindowAttributes(dpy, wins[i], &wa) + || wa.override_redirect || XGetTransientForHint(dpy, wins[i], &d1)) + continue; + if (wa.map_state == IsViewable || getstate(wins[i]) == IconicState) + manage(wins[i], &wa); + } + for (i = 0; i < num; i++) { /* now the transients */ + if (!XGetWindowAttributes(dpy, wins[i], &wa)) + continue; + if (XGetTransientForHint(dpy, wins[i], &d1) + && (wa.map_state == IsViewable || getstate(wins[i]) == IconicState)) + manage(wins[i], &wa); + } + if (wins) + XFree(wins); + } +} + +void +sendmon(Client *c, Monitor *m) +{ + if (c->mon == m) + return; + unfocus(c, 1); + detach(c); + detachstack(c); + c->mon = m; + c->tags = m->tagset[m->seltags]; /* assign tags of target monitor */ + attach(c); + attachstack(c); + focus(NULL); + arrange(NULL); +} + +void +setclientstate(Client *c, long state) +{ + long data[] = { state, None }; + + XChangeProperty(dpy, c->win, wmatom[WMState], wmatom[WMState], 32, + PropModeReplace, (unsigned char *)data, 2); +} + +int +sendevent(Client *c, Atom proto) +{ + int n; + Atom *protocols; + int exists = 0; + XEvent ev; + + if (XGetWMProtocols(dpy, c->win, &protocols, &n)) { + while (!exists && n--) + exists = protocols[n] == proto; + XFree(protocols); + } + if (exists) { + ev.type = ClientMessage; + ev.xclient.window = c->win; + ev.xclient.message_type = wmatom[WMProtocols]; + ev.xclient.format = 32; + ev.xclient.data.l[0] = proto; + ev.xclient.data.l[1] = CurrentTime; + XSendEvent(dpy, c->win, False, NoEventMask, &ev); + } + return exists; +} + +void +setfocus(Client *c) +{ + if (!c->neverfocus) { + XSetInputFocus(dpy, c->win, RevertToPointerRoot, CurrentTime); + XChangeProperty(dpy, root, netatom[NetActiveWindow], + XA_WINDOW, 32, PropModeReplace, + (unsigned char *) &(c->win), 1); + } + sendevent(c, wmatom[WMTakeFocus]); +} + +void +setfullscreen(Client *c, int fullscreen) +{ + if (fullscreen && !c->isfullscreen) { + XChangeProperty(dpy, c->win, netatom[NetWMState], XA_ATOM, 32, + PropModeReplace, (unsigned char*)&netatom[NetWMFullscreen], 1); + c->isfullscreen = 1; + c->oldstate = c->isfloating; + c->oldbw = c->bw; + c->bw = 0; + c->isfloating = 1; + resizeclient(c, c->mon->mx, c->mon->my, c->mon->mw, c->mon->mh); + XRaiseWindow(dpy, c->win); + } else if (!fullscreen && c->isfullscreen){ + XChangeProperty(dpy, c->win, netatom[NetWMState], XA_ATOM, 32, + PropModeReplace, (unsigned char*)0, 0); + c->isfullscreen = 0; + c->isfloating = c->oldstate; + c->bw = c->oldbw; + c->x = c->oldx; + c->y = c->oldy; + c->w = c->oldw; + c->h = c->oldh; + resizeclient(c, c->x, c->y, c->w, c->h); + arrange(c->mon); + } +} + +void +setgaps(const Arg *arg) +{ + if ((arg->i == 0) || (selmon->gappx + arg->i < 0)) + selmon->gappx = 0; + else + selmon->gappx += arg->i; + arrange(selmon); +} + +void +setlayout(const Arg *arg) +{ + if (!arg || !arg->v || arg->v != selmon->lt[selmon->sellt]) + selmon->sellt ^= 1; + if (arg && arg->v) + selmon->lt[selmon->sellt] = (Layout *)arg->v; + strncpy(selmon->ltsymbol, selmon->lt[selmon->sellt]->symbol, sizeof selmon->ltsymbol); + if (selmon->sel) + arrange(selmon); + else + drawbar(selmon); +} + +/* arg > 1.0 will set mfact absolutely */ +void +setmfact(const Arg *arg) +{ + float f; + + if (!arg || !selmon->lt[selmon->sellt]->arrange) + return; + f = arg->f < 1.0 ? arg->f + selmon->mfact : arg->f - 1.0; + if (f < 0.1 || f > 0.9) + return; + selmon->mfact = f; + arrange(selmon); +} + +void +setup(void) +{ + int i; + XSetWindowAttributes wa; + Atom utf8string; + + /* clean up any zombies immediately */ + sigchld(0); + + /* init screen */ + screen = DefaultScreen(dpy); + sw = DisplayWidth(dpy, screen); + sh = DisplayHeight(dpy, screen); + root = RootWindow(dpy, screen); + drw = drw_create(dpy, screen, root, sw, sh); + if (!drw_fontset_create(drw, fonts, LENGTH(fonts))) + die("no fonts could be loaded."); + lrpad = drw->fonts->h; + bh = drw->fonts->h + 2; + updategeom(); + /* init atoms */ + utf8string = XInternAtom(dpy, "UTF8_STRING", False); + wmatom[WMProtocols] = XInternAtom(dpy, "WM_PROTOCOLS", False); + wmatom[WMDelete] = XInternAtom(dpy, "WM_DELETE_WINDOW", False); + wmatom[WMState] = XInternAtom(dpy, "WM_STATE", False); + wmatom[WMTakeFocus] = XInternAtom(dpy, "WM_TAKE_FOCUS", False); + netatom[NetActiveWindow] = XInternAtom(dpy, "_NET_ACTIVE_WINDOW", False); + netatom[NetSupported] = XInternAtom(dpy, "_NET_SUPPORTED", False); + netatom[NetWMName] = XInternAtom(dpy, "_NET_WM_NAME", False); + netatom[NetWMState] = XInternAtom(dpy, "_NET_WM_STATE", False); + netatom[NetWMCheck] = XInternAtom(dpy, "_NET_SUPPORTING_WM_CHECK", False); + netatom[NetWMFullscreen] = XInternAtom(dpy, "_NET_WM_STATE_FULLSCREEN", False); + netatom[NetWMWindowType] = XInternAtom(dpy, "_NET_WM_WINDOW_TYPE", False); + netatom[NetWMWindowTypeDialog] = XInternAtom(dpy, "_NET_WM_WINDOW_TYPE_DIALOG", False); + netatom[NetClientList] = XInternAtom(dpy, "_NET_CLIENT_LIST", False); + /* init cursors */ + cursor[CurNormal] = drw_cur_create(drw, XC_left_ptr); + cursor[CurResize] = drw_cur_create(drw, XC_sizing); + cursor[CurMove] = drw_cur_create(drw, XC_fleur); + /* init appearance */ + scheme = ecalloc(LENGTH(colors), sizeof(Clr *)); + for (i = 0; i < LENGTH(colors); i++) + scheme[i] = drw_scm_create(drw, colors[i], 3); + /* init bars */ + updatebars(); + updatestatus(); + /* supporting window for NetWMCheck */ + wmcheckwin = XCreateSimpleWindow(dpy, root, 0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0); + XChangeProperty(dpy, wmcheckwin, netatom[NetWMCheck], XA_WINDOW, 32, + PropModeReplace, (unsigned char *) &wmcheckwin, 1); + XChangeProperty(dpy, wmcheckwin, netatom[NetWMName], utf8string, 8, + PropModeReplace, (unsigned char *) "dwm", 3); + XChangeProperty(dpy, root, netatom[NetWMCheck], XA_WINDOW, 32, + PropModeReplace, (unsigned char *) &wmcheckwin, 1); + /* EWMH support per view */ + XChangeProperty(dpy, root, netatom[NetSupported], XA_ATOM, 32, + PropModeReplace, (unsigned char *) netatom, NetLast); + XDeleteProperty(dpy, root, netatom[NetClientList]); + /* select events */ + wa.cursor = cursor[CurNormal]->cursor; + wa.event_mask = SubstructureRedirectMask|SubstructureNotifyMask + |ButtonPressMask|PointerMotionMask|EnterWindowMask + |LeaveWindowMask|StructureNotifyMask|PropertyChangeMask; + XChangeWindowAttributes(dpy, root, CWEventMask|CWCursor, &wa); + XSelectInput(dpy, root, wa.event_mask); + grabkeys(); + focus(NULL); +} + + +void +seturgent(Client *c, int urg) +{ + XWMHints *wmh; + + c->isurgent = urg; + if (!(wmh = XGetWMHints(dpy, c->win))) + return; + wmh->flags = urg ? (wmh->flags | XUrgencyHint) : (wmh->flags & ~XUrgencyHint); + XSetWMHints(dpy, c->win, wmh); + XFree(wmh); +} + +void +showhide(Client *c) +{ + if (!c) + return; + if (ISVISIBLE(c)) { + /* show clients top down */ + XMoveWindow(dpy, c->win, c->x, c->y); + if ((!c->mon->lt[c->mon->sellt]->arrange || c->isfloating) && !c->isfullscreen) + resize(c, c->x, c->y, c->w, c->h, 0); + showhide(c->snext); + } else { + /* hide clients bottom up */ + showhide(c->snext); + XMoveWindow(dpy, c->win, WIDTH(c) * -2, c->y); + } +} + +void +sigchld(int unused) +{ + if (signal(SIGCHLD, sigchld) == SIG_ERR) + die("can't install SIGCHLD handler:"); + while (0 < waitpid(-1, NULL, WNOHANG)); +} + +void +spawn(const Arg *arg) +{ + if (arg->v == dmenucmd) + dmenumon[0] = '0' + selmon->num; + if (fork() == 0) { + if (dpy) + close(ConnectionNumber(dpy)); + setsid(); + execvp(((char **)arg->v)[0], (char **)arg->v); + fprintf(stderr, "dwm: execvp %s", ((char **)arg->v)[0]); + perror(" failed"); + exit(EXIT_SUCCESS); + } +} + +void +tag(const Arg *arg) +{ + if (selmon->sel && arg->ui & TAGMASK) { + selmon->sel->tags = arg->ui & TAGMASK; + focus(NULL); + arrange(selmon); + } +} + +void +tagmon(const Arg *arg) +{ + if (!selmon->sel || !mons->next) + return; + sendmon(selmon->sel, dirtomon(arg->i)); +} + +void +tile(Monitor *m) +{ + unsigned int i, n, h, mw, my, ty; + Client *c; + + for (n = 0, c = nexttiled(m->clients); c; c = nexttiled(c->next), n++); + if (n == 0) + return; + + if (n > m->nmaster) + mw = m->nmaster ? m->ww * m->mfact : 0; + else + mw = m->ww - m->gappx; + for (i = 0, my = ty = m->gappx, c = nexttiled(m->clients); c; c = nexttiled(c->next), i++) + if (i < m->nmaster) { + h = (m->wh - my) / (MIN(n, m->nmaster) - i) - m->gappx; + resize(c, m->wx + m->gappx, m->wy + my, mw - (2*c->bw) - m->gappx, h - (2*c->bw), 0); + my += HEIGHT(c) + m->gappx; + } else { + h = (m->wh - ty) / (n - i) - m->gappx; + resize(c, m->wx + mw + m->gappx, m->wy + ty, m->ww - mw - (2*c->bw) - 2*m->gappx, h - (2*c->bw), 0); + ty += HEIGHT(c) + m->gappx; + } +} + +void +togglebar(const Arg *arg) +{ + selmon->showbar = !selmon->showbar; + updatebarpos(selmon); + XMoveResizeWindow(dpy, selmon->barwin, selmon->wx, selmon->by, selmon->ww, bh); + arrange(selmon); +} + +void +togglefloating(const Arg *arg) +{ + if (!selmon->sel) + return; + if (selmon->sel->isfullscreen) /* no support for fullscreen windows */ + return; + selmon->sel->isfloating = !selmon->sel->isfloating || selmon->sel->isfixed; + if (selmon->sel->isfloating) + resize(selmon->sel, selmon->sel->x, selmon->sel->y, + selmon->sel->w, selmon->sel->h, 0); + arrange(selmon); +} + +void +toggletag(const Arg *arg) +{ + unsigned int newtags; + + if (!selmon->sel) + return; + newtags = selmon->sel->tags ^ (arg->ui & TAGMASK); + if (newtags) { + selmon->sel->tags = newtags; + focus(NULL); + arrange(selmon); + } +} + +void +toggleview(const Arg *arg) +{ + unsigned int newtagset = selmon->tagset[selmon->seltags] ^ (arg->ui & TAGMASK); + + if (newtagset) { + selmon->tagset[selmon->seltags] = newtagset; + focus(NULL); + arrange(selmon); + } +} + +void +unfocus(Client *c, int setfocus) +{ + if (!c) + return; + grabbuttons(c, 0); + XSetWindowBorder(dpy, c->win, scheme[SchemeNorm][ColBorder].pixel); + if (setfocus) { + XSetInputFocus(dpy, root, RevertToPointerRoot, CurrentTime); + XDeleteProperty(dpy, root, netatom[NetActiveWindow]); + } +} + +void +unmanage(Client *c, int destroyed) +{ + Monitor *m = c->mon; + XWindowChanges wc; + + detach(c); + detachstack(c); + if (!destroyed) { + wc.border_width = c->oldbw; + XGrabServer(dpy); /* avoid race conditions */ + XSetErrorHandler(xerrordummy); + XConfigureWindow(dpy, c->win, CWBorderWidth, &wc); /* restore border */ + XUngrabButton(dpy, AnyButton, AnyModifier, c->win); + setclientstate(c, WithdrawnState); + XSync(dpy, False); + XSetErrorHandler(xerror); + XUngrabServer(dpy); + } + free(c); + focus(NULL); + updateclientlist(); + arrange(m); +} + +void +unmapnotify(XEvent *e) +{ + Client *c; + XUnmapEvent *ev = &e->xunmap; + + if ((c = wintoclient(ev->window))) { + if (ev->send_event) + setclientstate(c, WithdrawnState); + else + unmanage(c, 0); + } +} + +void +updatebars(void) +{ + Monitor *m; + XSetWindowAttributes wa = { + .override_redirect = True, + .background_pixmap = ParentRelative, + .event_mask = ButtonPressMask|ExposureMask + }; + XClassHint ch = {"dwm", "dwm"}; + for (m = mons; m; m = m->next) { + if (m->barwin) + continue; + m->barwin = XCreateWindow(dpy, root, m->wx, m->by, m->ww, bh, 0, DefaultDepth(dpy, screen), + CopyFromParent, DefaultVisual(dpy, screen), + CWOverrideRedirect|CWBackPixmap|CWEventMask, &wa); + XDefineCursor(dpy, m->barwin, cursor[CurNormal]->cursor); + XMapRaised(dpy, m->barwin); + XSetClassHint(dpy, m->barwin, &ch); + } +} + +void +updatebarpos(Monitor *m) +{ + m->wy = m->my; + m->wh = m->mh; + if (m->showbar) { + m->wh -= bh; + m->by = m->topbar ? m->wy : m->wy + m->wh; + m->wy = m->topbar ? m->wy + bh : m->wy; + } else + m->by = -bh; +} + +void +updateclientlist() +{ + Client *c; + Monitor *m; + + XDeleteProperty(dpy, root, netatom[NetClientList]); + for (m = mons; m; m = m->next) + for (c = m->clients; c; c = c->next) + XChangeProperty(dpy, root, netatom[NetClientList], + XA_WINDOW, 32, PropModeAppend, + (unsigned char *) &(c->win), 1); +} + +int +updategeom(void) +{ + int dirty = 0; + +#ifdef XINERAMA + if (XineramaIsActive(dpy)) { + int i, j, n, nn; + Client *c; + Monitor *m; + XineramaScreenInfo *info = XineramaQueryScreens(dpy, &nn); + XineramaScreenInfo *unique = NULL; + + for (n = 0, m = mons; m; m = m->next, n++); + /* only consider unique geometries as separate screens */ + unique = ecalloc(nn, sizeof(XineramaScreenInfo)); + for (i = 0, j = 0; i < nn; i++) + if (isuniquegeom(unique, j, &info[i])) + memcpy(&unique[j++], &info[i], sizeof(XineramaScreenInfo)); + XFree(info); + nn = j; + if (n <= nn) { /* new monitors available */ + for (i = 0; i < (nn - n); i++) { + for (m = mons; m && m->next; m = m->next); + if (m) + m->next = createmon(); + else + mons = createmon(); + } + for (i = 0, m = mons; i < nn && m; m = m->next, i++) + if (i >= n + || unique[i].x_org != m->mx || unique[i].y_org != m->my + || unique[i].width != m->mw || unique[i].height != m->mh) + { + dirty = 1; + m->num = i; + m->mx = m->wx = unique[i].x_org; + m->my = m->wy = unique[i].y_org; + m->mw = m->ww = unique[i].width; + m->mh = m->wh = unique[i].height; + updatebarpos(m); + } + } else { /* less monitors available nn < n */ + for (i = nn; i < n; i++) { + for (m = mons; m && m->next; m = m->next); + while ((c = m->clients)) { + dirty = 1; + m->clients = c->next; + detachstack(c); + c->mon = mons; + attach(c); + attachstack(c); + } + if (m == selmon) + selmon = mons; + cleanupmon(m); + } + } + free(unique); + } else +#endif /* XINERAMA */ + { /* default monitor setup */ + if (!mons) + mons = createmon(); + if (mons->mw != sw || mons->mh != sh) { + dirty = 1; + mons->mw = mons->ww = sw; + mons->mh = mons->wh = sh; + updatebarpos(mons); + } + } + if (dirty) { + selmon = mons; + selmon = wintomon(root); + } + return dirty; +} + +void +updatenumlockmask(void) +{ + unsigned int i, j; + XModifierKeymap *modmap; + + numlockmask = 0; + modmap = XGetModifierMapping(dpy); + for (i = 0; i < 8; i++) + for (j = 0; j < modmap->max_keypermod; j++) + if (modmap->modifiermap[i * modmap->max_keypermod + j] + == XKeysymToKeycode(dpy, XK_Num_Lock)) + numlockmask = (1 << i); + XFreeModifiermap(modmap); +} + +void +updatesizehints(Client *c) +{ + long msize; + XSizeHints size; + + if (!XGetWMNormalHints(dpy, c->win, &size, &msize)) + /* size is uninitialized, ensure that size.flags aren't used */ + size.flags = PSize; + if (size.flags & PBaseSize) { + c->basew = size.base_width; + c->baseh = size.base_height; + } else if (size.flags & PMinSize) { + c->basew = size.min_width; + c->baseh = size.min_height; + } else + c->basew = c->baseh = 0; + if (size.flags & PResizeInc) { + c->incw = size.width_inc; + c->inch = size.height_inc; + } else + c->incw = c->inch = 0; + if (size.flags & PMaxSize) { + c->maxw = size.max_width; + c->maxh = size.max_height; + } else + c->maxw = c->maxh = 0; + if (size.flags & PMinSize) { + c->minw = size.min_width; + c->minh = size.min_height; + } else if (size.flags & PBaseSize) { + c->minw = size.base_width; + c->minh = size.base_height; + } else + c->minw = c->minh = 0; + if (size.flags & PAspect) { + c->mina = (float)size.min_aspect.y / size.min_aspect.x; + c->maxa = (float)size.max_aspect.x / size.max_aspect.y; + } else + c->maxa = c->mina = 0.0; + c->isfixed = (c->maxw && c->maxh && c->maxw == c->minw && c->maxh == c->minh); +} + +void +updatestatus(void) +{ + if (!gettextprop(root, XA_WM_NAME, stext, sizeof(stext))) + strcpy(stext, "dwm-"VERSION); + drawbar(selmon); +} + +void +updatetitle(Client *c) +{ + if (!gettextprop(c->win, netatom[NetWMName], c->name, sizeof c->name)) + gettextprop(c->win, XA_WM_NAME, c->name, sizeof c->name); + if (c->name[0] == '\0') /* hack to mark broken clients */ + strcpy(c->name, broken); +} + +void +updatewindowtype(Client *c) +{ + Atom state = getatomprop(c, netatom[NetWMState]); + Atom wtype = getatomprop(c, netatom[NetWMWindowType]); + + if (state == netatom[NetWMFullscreen]) + setfullscreen(c, 1); + if (wtype == netatom[NetWMWindowTypeDialog]) + c->isfloating = 1; +} + +void +updatewmhints(Client *c) +{ + XWMHints *wmh; + + if ((wmh = XGetWMHints(dpy, c->win))) { + if (c == selmon->sel && wmh->flags & XUrgencyHint) { + wmh->flags &= ~XUrgencyHint; + XSetWMHints(dpy, c->win, wmh); + } else + c->isurgent = (wmh->flags & XUrgencyHint) ? 1 : 0; + if (wmh->flags & InputHint) + c->neverfocus = !wmh->input; + else + c->neverfocus = 0; + XFree(wmh); + } +} + +void +view(const Arg *arg) +{ + if ((arg->ui & TAGMASK) == selmon->tagset[selmon->seltags]) + return; + selmon->seltags ^= 1; /* toggle sel tagset */ + if (arg->ui & TAGMASK) + selmon->tagset[selmon->seltags] = arg->ui & TAGMASK; + focus(NULL); + arrange(selmon); +} + +Client * +wintoclient(Window w) +{ + Client *c; + Monitor *m; + + for (m = mons; m; m = m->next) + for (c = m->clients; c; c = c->next) + if (c->win == w) + return c; + return NULL; +} + +Monitor * +wintomon(Window w) +{ + int x, y; + Client *c; + Monitor *m; + + if (w == root && getrootptr(&x, &y)) + return recttomon(x, y, 1, 1); + for (m = mons; m; m = m->next) + if (w == m->barwin) + return m; + if ((c = wintoclient(w))) + return c->mon; + return selmon; +} + +/* There's no way to check accesses to destroyed windows, thus those cases are + * ignored (especially on UnmapNotify's). Other types of errors call Xlibs + * default error handler, which may call exit. */ +int +xerror(Display *dpy, XErrorEvent *ee) +{ + if (ee->error_code == BadWindow + || (ee->request_code == X_SetInputFocus && ee->error_code == BadMatch) + || (ee->request_code == X_PolyText8 && ee->error_code == BadDrawable) + || (ee->request_code == X_PolyFillRectangle && ee->error_code == BadDrawable) + || (ee->request_code == X_PolySegment && ee->error_code == BadDrawable) + || (ee->request_code == X_ConfigureWindow && ee->error_code == BadMatch) + || (ee->request_code == X_GrabButton && ee->error_code == BadAccess) + || (ee->request_code == X_GrabKey && ee->error_code == BadAccess) + || (ee->request_code == X_CopyArea && ee->error_code == BadDrawable)) + return 0; + fprintf(stderr, "dwm: fatal error: request code=%d, error code=%d\n", + ee->request_code, ee->error_code); + return xerrorxlib(dpy, ee); /* may call exit */ +} + +int +xerrordummy(Display *dpy, XErrorEvent *ee) +{ + return 0; +} + +/* Startup Error handler to check if another window manager + * is already running. */ +int +xerrorstart(Display *dpy, XErrorEvent *ee) +{ + die("dwm: another window manager is already running"); + return -1; +} + +void +zoom(const Arg *arg) +{ + Client *c = selmon->sel; + + if (!selmon->lt[selmon->sellt]->arrange + || (selmon->sel && selmon->sel->isfloating)) + return; + if (c == nexttiled(selmon->clients)) + if (!c || !(c = nexttiled(c->next))) + return; + pop(c); +} + +int +main(int argc, char *argv[]) +{ + if (argc == 2 && !strcmp("-v", argv[1])) + die("dwm-"VERSION); + else if (argc != 1) + die("usage: dwm [-v]"); + if (!setlocale(LC_CTYPE, "") || !XSupportsLocale()) + fputs("warning: no locale support\n", stderr); + if (!(dpy = XOpenDisplay(NULL))) + die("dwm: cannot open display"); + checkotherwm(); + setup(); +#ifdef __OpenBSD__ + if (pledge("stdio rpath proc exec", NULL) == -1) + die("pledge"); +#endif /* __OpenBSD__ */ + scan(); + runAutostart(); + run(); + cleanup(); + XCloseDisplay(dpy); + return EXIT_SUCCESS; +} diff --git a/dwm.png b/dwm.png Binary files differ. diff --git a/transient.c b/transient.c @@ -0,0 +1,42 @@ +/* cc transient.c -o transient -lX11 */ + +#include <stdlib.h> +#include <unistd.h> +#include <X11/Xlib.h> +#include <X11/Xutil.h> + +int main(void) { + Display *d; + Window r, f, t = None; + XSizeHints h; + XEvent e; + + d = XOpenDisplay(NULL); + if (!d) + exit(1); + r = DefaultRootWindow(d); + + f = XCreateSimpleWindow(d, r, 100, 100, 400, 400, 0, 0, 0); + h.min_width = h.max_width = h.min_height = h.max_height = 400; + h.flags = PMinSize | PMaxSize; + XSetWMNormalHints(d, f, &h); + XStoreName(d, f, "floating"); + XMapWindow(d, f); + + XSelectInput(d, f, ExposureMask); + while (1) { + XNextEvent(d, &e); + + if (t == None) { + sleep(5); + t = XCreateSimpleWindow(d, r, 50, 50, 100, 100, 0, 0, 0); + XSetTransientForHint(d, t, f); + XStoreName(d, t, "transient"); + XMapWindow(d, t); + XSelectInput(d, t, ExposureMask); + } + } + + XCloseDisplay(d); + exit(0); +} diff --git a/util.c b/util.c @@ -0,0 +1,35 @@ +/* See LICENSE file for copyright and license details. */ +#include <stdarg.h> +#include <stdio.h> +#include <stdlib.h> +#include <string.h> + +#include "util.h" + +void * +ecalloc(size_t nmemb, size_t size) +{ + void *p; + + if (!(p = calloc(nmemb, size))) + die("calloc:"); + return p; +} + +void +die(const char *fmt, ...) { + va_list ap; + + va_start(ap, fmt); + vfprintf(stderr, fmt, ap); + va_end(ap); + + if (fmt[0] && fmt[strlen(fmt)-1] == ':') { + fputc(' ', stderr); + perror(NULL); + } else { + fputc('\n', stderr); + } + + exit(1); +} diff --git a/util.h b/util.h @@ -0,0 +1,8 @@ +/* See LICENSE file for copyright and license details. */ + +#define MAX(A, B) ((A) > (B) ? (A) : (B)) +#define MIN(A, B) ((A) < (B) ? (A) : (B)) +#define BETWEEN(X, A, B) ((A) <= (X) && (X) <= (B)) + +void die(const char *fmt, ...); +void *ecalloc(size_t nmemb, size_t size);